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Journals Office: 2nd floor, School of Medicine Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Golestan BLV, Ahvaz - IRAN
Postal Code: 6135715794
Phone: +98-61-33738283
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Jundishapur Journal of Oncology;2015, December; Current Issue
Article title: Screening for thyroid cancer

Article File:    Article (PDF) 228 Kb 
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Abstract
Thyroid cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, especially in South-West Iran and Iraq. Many cases with thyroid cancer were presented at advanced stages after the US-led war against Iraq. Among the risk factors in developing thyroid cancers is exposure to low-dose radiation in the long term. As a result, they need complex surgeries and adjuvant therapies with major side effects, yet some are sadly incurable. The indiscriminate use of prohibited weapons and ammunition by the alien invaders in this area can be one of the causes of the increased prevalence of thyroid cancers. Because the early detection of thyroid cancers can be effective in the treatment of the disease, small invasive cases (micro-invasive) can be simply treated by surgery and patients will not have any need for an adjuvant therapy or other costs and they will have a normal life span. Unfortunately, the clinical diagnosis of the non-palpable (subclinical) disease is undetectable by the patient or a physical examination when the size of the tumors is less than one centimeter. Moreover, there is no specific blood test for these patients. It is, therefore, hidden from view until present as a cervical lymphadenopathy or an advanced cervical bump in the neck with invasion to surrounding tissues. Consequently, a screening test of the disease, especially for high-risk patients and in endemic areas may save people from a fatal disease, shorten the course of treatment and reduce the huge costs.

Keywords:
thyroid cancer, screening, ultrasonography

Article Authors:
Abdolhassan TalaiezadehFirst Authorahtalaiezadeh@yahoo.com
abdolhassan talaiezadehOther Authorah.talaiezadehajums.ac.ir

References
1-1. Eden K 2. , Mahon S, Helfand M. Screening high-risk populations for thyroid cancer. Med Pediatr Oncol. 2001 May;36(5):583-91
2-Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim, and H. Gilbert Welch. Korea's Thyroid-Cancer “Epidemic” — Screening and Overdiagnosis.N Engl J Med 2014; 371:1765-1767November 6, 2014DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1409841




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