Persian  |  Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
 
Username
Password
Register
I forgot my password

Journals Office: 2nd floor, School of Medicine Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Golestan BLV, Ahvaz - IRAN
Postal Code: 6135715794
Phone: +98-61-33738283
Fax: +98-61-33362537

Home :: Back

Advance Article Search New

summer 2017
Article title: An examination of the Relationship between Hardiness and Assertiveness with Academic Achievement in Students

Article File:  Article(PDF) 204 Kb 
Page From: 226 To: 233      
Visit: 109

Abstract
The present research aimed to examine the relationship between hardiness and assertiveness with academic achievement in students of Medical Sciences. The research was conducted in a correlational framework. The population included a total number of 270 students who were randomly selected from Alborz University of Medical Sciences. The students have enrolled in 2014-2015 academic year. Afterwards, the applicants were requested to fill in the Ahvaz Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire (AHI), and the Assertion Inventory (Gambrill and Richey 1975). In addition, their grade point average (GPA) were recorded. The data were analysed through correlation coefficient and path analysis. Results showed that psychological hardiness had direct (r=0.243) and indirect effect through assertiveness (r=0.069) on academic achievement.It can be concluded that there existed an overlap between assertiveness components (as commitment, control and challenge) and assertiveness in individuals. Furthermore, psychological hardiness in students can facilitate the learning process for them.

Keywords:
Psychological Hardiness, Assertiveness, Academic Achievement, Students.

Article Authors:
Neda MalekpourFirst Author
Mahsa SoleymaniOther Author
Gholamreza TalebiOther Author
Azizreza GhasemzadehCorresponding AuthorA.ghasemzadeh@irimc.org

References
1-Alberti, R; Amones, M 2010. The psychology of assertiveness, translation: Garacheh daghi. Tehran: Elmi publications.
2-Amandaw,H. , Street, H. ,& Melissa, E 2009. Improving the social ـ behavioral adjustment of adolescents: The effectiveness of a social skills group intervention. J Child FAM Stud, Vol.18,Pp.378 ـ 387.
3-Asghari, A 2008. The relationship between empowerment and self-efficacy with Job satisfaction of high school teachers in Tehran. Master thesis, Shahid Rajaei University. Tehran.
4-Bandura, A 2001. Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annal Review Psychology, Vol.52, Pp.1 ـ26.
5-Bandura, A 2001. Guide for constructing self – efficacy scales. Stanford University Child Development, Vol.72, Pp.187 – 206.
6-Bandura, A 1993. Perceived self – efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Stanford University, Vol.8, No.2, Pp.117 – 148.
7-Bandura, A, Jourden, F 1991. Self ـ regulatory mechanisms governing the impact of social comparison on complex decision making. Journal of Personalityand Social Psychology, Vol.60, Pp.941 ـ 951.
8-Bandura, A., Wood, R. (1989). Effects of perceived controllability and Performance standards on self-regulation of complex decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.56,No.5,Pp.805 ـ 814.
9-Bandura, A 1982. Self-efficacy mechanisms in human agency. American Psychologist, Vol.37, Pp.122 ـ 147.
10-Bandura, A 1977. Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change. Psychological Review, Vol.84, Pp.191 ـ 215.
11-Behzad, N 2011. The impact of the training on self-efficacy and chooseing academic disciplines in female students in Varamin. Master thesis, Alzahra University. Tehran.
12-Ciarrochi, J 2004. Relationships between dysfunctional belifs and positive and negative indices of well- begin: A critical evaluation of the common belifs survey. Journal of Rational Emotive & cognitive. Behavior Therapy, Vol.22, No.3, Pp.171- 188.
13-Jakubowski, P, Lange, A.J 1978. The assertive option: Your rights and responsibilities. Champaign, IL: Research Press.
14-Kiameresi, A, Najarian, B, Mehrabizade honarmand M, Validity of scale for assessment psychological hardiness. Psychological Journal. 1999; Vol.7, No.2, Pp. 271-284. [Persian]
15-Khoshkonesh, A 2007. The relationship between simple and multiple antecedent of personality-cognitive and religious with feelings of happiness and the relationship between the mental health and academic performance in University students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Doctoral dissertation, University of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.
16-Kobasa, S. C., Maddi, S. R., Zola, M. A. (1983). Type A and hardiness. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol.6, Pp.41 ـ 51.
17-Kobasa, S. C., Puccetti, M. C. (1983). Personality and social resources in stress resistance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.45, Pp.839 ـ 850.
18-Kobasa, S.C 1979. Streeful life events, personality and health: An inquiry in to hardiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.37, Pp.1 ـ11.
19-Maddi, S.R, Khoshaba, D.M, Harvey, R. Fazel, etal 2011. The personality construct of hardiness, V: Relationships with the constructionof existential meaning in life. Humanistic of Psychology,Vol. 51, Pp.369 ـ 388.
20-Maddi, S. R, Khoshaba, D. M, Persico, M etal 2002. Brife report the personality construct of hardiness II. Relationships with comprehensive tests of personality and Psychopathology. Journal of Research in Personality, Vol.36, Pp.72–85.
21-Mohamadi M. Investigation effective factors on resilience in substance abuser, Thesis of Phd in clinical psychological, Rehabilitation University in Tehran, 2006. [Persian]
22-Narimani, M, Mohammad Amkini, Z, Barahmand, O, etal 2007. The relationship between psychological hardiness, thinking styles, social skills and academic achievement in school students. Journal of the science. Psychology University of Ahvaz ـ, second year, Vol.5, Pp.98-112.
23-Neisi, A.K, Shahni Yeylagh, M 2001. The Effectiveness of Assertiveness Training on Self-Esteem, Social Anxiety, and Mental Health of Male High School Students in Ahvaz City. Journal of Educational Science and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Vol.8, Pp.11-30.
24-Pajares, F, Graham, L 1999. Self-efficacy, motivation constructs, and mathematics performance of entering Middle School Students. Contemporary Educational psychology, Vol.24, Pp.124 ـ 139.
25-Pajares, F, Miller, M.D 1997. Mathematics self ـefficacy and mathematical problem solving: Implications of using varying forms of assessment. Journal of Experimental Education, Vol.65, Pp.213 ـ228.
26-Pajares, F 1996. Self ـ efficacy beliefs in achievement settings. Review of Educational Research, Vol.66, Pp.543–578.
27-Rich, A. R, Schroeder, H.E 1976. Research issues in assertiveness training. Psychological Bulletin, Vol.83, Pp.1081 ـ 1096.
28- Schultz, Duane P 2012. Character theory, translation: Karimi, Tehran: nashr editing
29-Schultz, Duane P (1990). Psychology of perfection, translation: Khoshdel, Tehran: Peikan Press.
30-Sharifi, Khalil 2013. The relationship between family function with psychological hardiness in high school students of Isfahan. Master's thesis, University of Isfahan.
31-Sheard, M, Golby, J 2007. Hardiness and undergraduate academic study: The moderating role of commitment. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.43, Pp.579 ـ 588.
32-Sherer, M, Madddux. J. E 1982. The self ـ efficacy scale: Construction and validation. Psychological Report, Vol.51, Pp.66 ـ 671.
33-Wolpe, J 1990. The Practice of Behavior Therapy (rd.). Edition. Pen-University USA.




کلیه حقوق این سایت متعلق به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز می باشد. استفاده از مطالب این سایت با ذکر نام سایت مجاز می باشد   -   Copyright © 2012
Powered By www.itpco.net
تولید کننده سیستم های تخصصی مدیریت نشریات و همایش ها و مورد تائید وزارت بهداشت درمان و آموزش پزشکی و وزارت ارتباطات و فناوری اطلاعات و