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summer 2017
Article Farsi Title: بررسی مقایسه ای هوش هیجانی دانشجویان دختر و پسر دانشگاه علوم پزشکی دزفول

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از صفحه: 150 تا صفحه: 158      
تعداد مشاهده: 378

Farsi Abstract
دانشجویان هر جامعه، نیروی انسانی و سازندگان فردای آن جامعه هستند. از این رو سلامت جسم و روان آنان از اهمیت زیادی برخوردار است و هوش هیجانی به عنوان عامل پیش بینی کننده سلامت روانی، اجتماعی، موفقیت تحصیلی و شغلی از اهمیت زیادی برخوردار است. لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین مقایسه ای هوش هیجانی دانشجویان دختر و پسر دانشگاه علوم پزشکی دزفول در سال 1393 انجام شد. مطالعه بصورت توصیفی_تحلیلی انجام شد. روش نمونه گیری بصورت تصادفی_سهمیه ای بود. در این مطالعه 126 دانشجوی پسر و 108 دانشجوی دختر شرکت کردند. ابزار گرد آوری داده ها فرم اطلاعات دموگرافیک و پرسشنامه هوش هیجانی بار آن بود. جهت اعتبار و پایایی پرسشنامه به ترتیب از اعتبار محتوا و روش همسانی درونی استفاده شد و میزان آلفای کرونباخ هوش هیجانی کل 0.93 گزارش گردید. در این پژوهش، میانگین هوش هیجانی کلی و نیز مؤلفه¬های آن در دختران بیشتر از پسران بود(P<0.05). اکثریت دانشجویان(23/69%) میزان هوش هیجانی کلی در سطح خوب داشتند. در مجموع بررسی ارتباط بین عوامل هوش هیجانی با مشخصات فردی نشان داد که بین دو مؤلفه انعطاف پذیری و کنترل تکانش با سن در دختران و خود شکوفایی و استقلال با سطح تحصیلات در پسران رابطه معنی داری وجود دارد(05/0P<). با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه به نظر می رسد توجه به هوش هیجانی برای بهداشت روانی و موفقیت در دانشجویان و لزوم ارتقاء سایر مهارت های این هوش در دانشجویان(خصوصاً پسران) توجه لازم به عمل آید.


Article Farsi Keywords:
هوش هیجانی، دختران، پسران، دانشجویان.


نویسندگان این مقاله
نصرت بهرامیOther Author
نجفوند دریکوندی سلمانOther Author
سمیه بهرامیCorresponding AuthorBahrami.n@Dums.ac.ir

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