بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر عملکرد ارتباطی دانشجو- بیمار در بخش اتاق عمل از دیدگاه دانشجویان هوشبری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی، گروه هوشبری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه آمار واپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات بیماری های سیستم نفسی و آلودگی هوا، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه هوشبری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

توانایی دانشجویان علوم پزشکی در برقراری ارتباط و همچنین استفاده مناسب از مهارت‌های ارتباطی از مهم‌ترین عوامل تأثیرگذار بر کیفیت یادگیری آنان بوده و موجب ارتقای عملکرد آن‌ها در محیط‌های بالینی می‌گردد. لذا این مطالعه باهدف بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر عملکرد ارتباطی دانشجو- بیمار در بخش اتاق عمل از دیدگاه دانشجویان هوشبری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز انجام شد. در این مطالعه توصیفی مقطعی در سال 1398تعداد 75 نفر از دانشجویان هوشبری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز به‌صورت نمونه در دسترس وارد مطالعه شدند. اطلاعات از طریق پرسشنامه محقق ساخته که دارای 6 بعد شامل عوامل فردی، اجتماعی، حرفه‌ای، محیطی، عوامل مرتبط با آموزش و شرایط بالینی بیمار بود، گردآوری شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از آمار توصیفی و مستقل، آنالیز واریانس و کروسکال والیس) انجام شد. میانگین امتیاز کل عوامل566/0± 04/ 3بود که بیشترین میانگین مربوط به شرایط بالینی71/0±34/3 و کمترین مقدار مربوط به عوامل اجتماعی 75/0±72/2 بود. رابطه معناداری بین عوامل دموگرافیک با عوامل فردی، اجتماعی، حرفه‌ای، محیطی، عوامل مرتبط با آموزش و شرایط بالینی بیمار دیده نشد05/0p. شرایط بالینی از دیدگاه دانشجویان، بیشترین تأثیر را بر ارتباط با بیمار دارد. مدیران سیستم‌های آموزشی و درمانی بایستی تلاش خود را جهت تعدیل اثر این عوامل به‌منظور بهبود این رابطه و در نهایت ارتقای کیفیت آموزش بالینی دانشجویان متمرکز نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey of effecting factors on Student-Patient Communication performance in Operating Room from Perspective of Anesthetist Students in Ahvaz Jondishapur University of Medical Sciences in 2019

نویسندگان [English]

  • razieh ranjbarha 1
  • zahra akhlaghi 1
  • hamid yazdani nejad 1
  • maryam dastoorpur 2
  • sara adarvishi 3
1 M.D. Student, Department of Nursing Anesthesiology, School of Paramedicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz. Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Epidemiology, Air pollution and Respiratory Diseases Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of, Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of Nursing Anesthesiology, School of Paramedicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz. Iran.
چکیده [English]

Medical students’ ability to communicate and also the proper use of communication skills are the most important factors affecting their learning quality and promote their performance in clinical settings. Hence, this descriptive cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the effective factors on the student-patient Communication performance in the operating room ward from the viewpoint of anesthetist students in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences that 75 students of anesthetist students in 2019 were included as the research population. The data was collected through a researcher-made questionnaire with 6 dimensions including personal, social, occupational, environmental factors, factors related to education and clinical conditions of the patient. Data were analyzed using descriptive and independent statistics (ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis). The mean of total score of factors was 3.04 ± 0.56, with the highest mean of clinical condition estimated 3.34 ± 0.71 and the least of the related Social factors was 2.72 ± 0.75. Therefore, there was no significant relationship between demographic factors and individual, social, professional, environmental factors, and factors related to education and clinical conditions of the patient (p>0.05). Although, a significant relationship was observed between gender and personal and environmental factors and marital status and environmental factors (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Communication performance
  • Patient
  • anesthetist student
  • Operating room
  • students' viewpoints
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