اثربخشی کاربرد رایانه در آموزش و موانع آن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه صدرالدین عینی، دوشنبه، تاجیکیستان.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آموزگاری صدرالدین عینی (پداگوژی)، دوشنبه، تاجیکستان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف تعیین کیفیت زمینه استفاده از رایانه، میزان اثربخشی وهمچنین  موانع استفاده ازآن در فرایندیاددهی یادگیری ازدیدگاه معلمان انجام شد.این مطالعه غیرآزمایشی ،ازنوع توصیفی بود. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی معلمان مقطع متوسطه مدارس دولتی شهرتهران  منطقه 3 در سال تحصیلی 1391-1390 است حجم گروه نمونه 90 نفر بودکه باروش نمونه گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند.برای جمع آوری داده ها از پرسشنامه پژوهشگر ساخته بامقیاس لیکرت و اعتبار 85/. استفاده گردید. همچنین داده ها با استفاده ازآزمونهای پارامتریک t تک گروهی، t مستقل، تحلیل واریانس یکطرفه ،توکی و همبستگی پیرسون به وسیله  نرم افزار15 spssتحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد  که از نظر معلمان زمینه وبستر مناسبی جهت استفاده بهینه از رایانه در مدارس وجود ندارد، ولی در صورت مهیا شدن شرایط مطلوب،  میزان اثر بخشی آموزش با استفاده از رایانه در حد بالایی خواهد بود. معلمان موانع استفاده از رایانه را در حد بالایی گزارش نموده اند. بین نظر معلمان زن و مرد در مورد زمینه استفاده از رایانه، میزان اثربخشی رایانه  به عنوان واسطه آموزش و همچنین موانع موجود در استفاده از رایانه  به عنوان واسطه آموزش، تفاوت معنی‌داری  دیده نشد. معلمانی که سابقه تدریس بیشتر ی داشته‌اند موانع موجود در بکارگیری رایانه  را به عنوان رسانه آموزشی به طور معناداری بیشتر از معلمان با سوابق تدریس کمتر ارزیابی نموده‌اند. معلمانی که دارای مدرک دکتری هستند زمینه استفاده از رایانه  در مدارس را در سطح مطلوب‌تری ارزیابی نموده‌اند، همچنین ایشان میزان اثربخشی رایانه را به عنوان واسطه آموزش، نسبت به سایر معلمان در حد بالاتری ارزیابی نموده‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Computer Usage in Education and Its Barrier

نویسندگان [English]

  • samaneh varesvazirian 1
  • Mansoor Nomanof 2
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Educational Sciences, Sadroddin Aini University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
2 Faculty Of Member, Department of Educational Sciences, Sadr al-Din Aini University of Pedagogy, Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of the field of using the computer, its effectiveness as well as the barriers to using it in learning processes from the viewpoints of teachers. This non-experimental study was descriptive that the statistical population consisted of all secondary school teachers in Tehran, district 3 in the academic year 2012-2013. And finally, the sample size was 90 people selected by random sampling. For collecting data, a researcher-made questionnaire with a Likert scale and validity of 85/0 was used. Then data were analyzed by one-way t-test, independent t-test, one-way variance analysis, Tukey and Pearson correlation using SPSS software. The results showed the teachers believed that there is no appropriate contex and field to use computers in schools, but if the desired conditions are set, the effectiveness of training with computers would be high; and also teachers reported high barriers to using computers. In addition, there was no significant difference between the viewpoints of male and female teachers about the use of computers, the effectiveness of computer as an intermediary in training, and the barriers to using computer as a training medium. Moreover, teachers who had more experience claimed considerably the barriers of using computer as educational media than teachers with less than teaching backgrounds. From teachers’ viewpoints with Ph.D. degree, the contex of computers’ usage in schools and the effectiveness of computer as an intermediary in training had been evaluated at a more desirable level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Information technology
  • computer
  • Education
  • Students
  • Teachers
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