تاثیر الگوی برنامه ریزی شده رفتار تمرینی جهت پایبندی به فعالیت ورزش همگانی به منظور افزایش سلامت دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه پیام نور، مشهد، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه پیام نور، رشت، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه پیام نور، بیرجند، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیرالگوی برنامه ریزی شده رفتارتمرینی جهت پایبندی به فعالیت ورزش همگانی به منظورافزایش سلامت دانشجویان بود. تحقیق از نوع توصیفی بود که به روش پیمایشی انجام شد. جامعة آماری شامل دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور در سال تحصیلی  94-95  بودند. نمونه آماری طبق جدول مورگان 384 نفر بود که به روش خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه گیری شامل مقیاس اصلاح شده رفتار برنامه ریزی شده بود. روایی  صوری و محتویی آن مورد تایید و ضریب پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ پایایی 95/0  به دست آمد. به منظور تحلیل استنباطی داده‌های جمع‌آوری شده از نرم‌افزار Amos  و spss نسخه 18 استفاده شده است. نتایج مدل رگرسیون گام به گام  نشان داد که ، 46 درصد از کل تغییرات سطح مشارکت در ورزش همگانی به سه متغیر نگرش، کنترل رفتار و ورزش همگانی مربوط می‌شود. شاخص‌های نیکویی برازش مدل پژوهش  نشان داد که، مدل ارائه شده برازش خوبی دارد به این معنی که تئوری الگوی رفتار برنامه ریزی شده قابلیت تببین  مشارکت  دانشجویان در ورزش همگانی را دارد. . بنابراین پیشنهاد می‌شود که دستگاه‌های متولی امر ورزش  دردانشگاه جهت افزایش سلامت دانشجویان نسبت به لحاظ کردن تمهیداتی در راستای تقویت نگرش، هنجارهای ذهنی و کنترل رفتار ادراک شده در کنار دیگر عوامل تاثیرگذار مشارکت در فعالیت‌های ورزشی همگانی از جمله فرآهم سازی زیرساخت‌های سخت افزاری و نرم افزاری، دسترسی، مسائل مالی و ... اهتمام ورزیده تا ورزش همگانی در دانشجویان نهادینه و مستدام گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Planned Pattern of Training Behavior in order to Adhere to General Sport Activities to Improve the Students’ Health

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Gharah 1
  • Mortza Rezaee Sofi 2
  • naser zardi 3
1 Associate Professor, Sport Management, at Payame Noor University, Iran
2 Faculty Member, Department of Physical Education, Payame Noor University, Rasht, Iran.
3 Faculty Member, Department of Physical Education, Payame Noor University, Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

The goal of this research was to investigate the influence of planned training beavior to take the notice into activity in public sport to sake the increase the  students’ healh. Hence, the research was descriptive study in a survey method. The statistical population consisted of students of Payame Noor University in the academic year2014-2015. Then, statistical sample according to Morgan table was 384 people those were selected upon multi-stage clustering method. In addition, the measurement tool included a modified behavioral scale of planned behavior. The validty & reliability of the questionnaire were comfirmed. For inferential analysis of collected data Amos software and spss software version 18 were used.  The results of stepwise regression model showed that 46% of total changes in the level of participation in sport for all were dependent on three variables; Attitude, behavior control and general sport. Good fit indicators of Research model showed that the proposed model would be well suited that means that the theory of the pattern of planned behavior can explaine student participation in General sport. Therefore, it was suggested that university sports administrators should be prepared well to increase the students’s healh, strive about doing tricks in order to strengthen the attitude , mental norms and perceived behavior controlling , along with other influential factors of Participation in general sport,  including the provision of hardware and software infrastructure , access , financial issues , etc . To institutionalized sport for all students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Planned theory of practical behavior
  • perceived behavior Controlling
  • Attitude
  • mental norms
  • Health
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