اثربخشی آموزش سرمایه روان شناختی بر سکوت و آوای سازمانی در دانشگاه آزاد استان مازندران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت آموزشی ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

چکیده

هدف کلی پژوهش، تاثیر سرمایه روان شناختی بر سکوت و آوای سازمانی در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی استان مازندران جهت ارائه مدل می­باشد. این پژوهش­ از نظر هدف، کاربردی و از نظر روش، توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی است که با رویکرد آمیخته (کیفی و کمی) انجام شد. جامعه آماری آن را در بخش کیفی اساتید با مرتبه ی دانشیار به بالا دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی استان مازندران به تعداد 20 نفر و در بخش کمی اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه­های آزاد اسلامی استان مازندران به تعداد 764 نفر تشکیل دادندروایی صوری و محتوایی ابزارها به تایید استاد راهنما و مشاور رسید و روایی سازه آن­ها با بار عاملی بیش­تر از 5/0 محاسبه شد که مورد تایید قرار گرفت. و پایایی آنها نیز بالای 7/0 محاسبه شد که مورد تایید قرار گرفت. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که؛ سرمایه روان شناختی دارای 20 مولفه «معنویت گرایی و هوش معنوی، واقع گرایی، حق شناسی و قدرشناسی، تفکر انتقادی، هوش عاطفی، احساسات مثبت، خود آگاهی و آگاهی ذهنی، تلاش و کوشش، معنا بخشی به کار، انعطاف پذیری، بخشندگی، اطمینان و اعتماد، روابط فردی و بین فردی، تعیین هدف و هدف گرایی، رضایت شغلی و زندگی، خلاقیت، فعالیت­ها و حمایت اجتماعی، سلامت روانی و جسمی، ارزیابی شناختی و تجربیات موفق» است. نتایج آزمون معادلات ساختاری نیز نشان داد که؛ سرمایه روان شناختی بر سکوت سازمانی تاثیر منفی و معنادار و بر آوای سازمانی تاثیر مثبت و معناداری دارد. همچنین مدل ارائه شده دارای برازش مناسب می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Psychological Capital Training on Silence and Organizational Voice in Mazandaran Azad University

نویسندگان [English]

  • ghazal ahmadi 1
  • Kiumars Azeri 2
  • Mohammad Salehi 3
1 Ph.D. student, Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
3 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of the research was to envestigate the effect of psychological capital on silence and organizational soundness in Mazandaran Islamic Azad University in order to provide the model. Hence, this research was based on applied purpose and also the method was a descriptive survey with a mixed of both qualitative and quantitative approach. The statistical population  was consisted of 20 faculty members in the qualitative section of faculty members with an associate degree at Islamic Azad University in Mazandaran province along with  all 764 faculty members in Mazandaran branch at the Islamic Azad University. The reliability and validity of content and the instruments were approved by the professor and supervisor of the research, with validity and reliability of more than 0.5 and0.7, respectively.  Then, structural equations were used to analyze the data. Consequently, the findings showed that psychological capital had 20 components: spiritualization and spiritual intelligence, realism, gratitude and  appriciation, critical thinking, emotional intelligence, positive emotions, self awareness and mental awareness, attempt and effort, giving meaning of work, flexibility, generosity, confidence and trust, personal and interpersonal relationships, goal setting and goal-oriented, job and life satisfaction, creativity, activities and social support, mental and physical health, cognitive assessment and successful experiences.  In addition,  results of the structural equations test illustrated that psychological capital had a negative and significant effect on organizational silence; although, it had a positive and significant effect on organizational voices. Moreover, the proposed model also had suitable fitting.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological capital
  • silence
  • organizational vocation
  • model presentation

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