بررسی اولویت‌ها و نیازسنجی برنامه‌های آموزشی پزشکان عمومی مشمول دوره‌های بازآموزی، آموزش مداوم شهرستان اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 متخصص بیماری های داخلی، مرکز تحقیقات گوارش، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه روماتولوژی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 پزشک عمومی، معاون مرکز آموزش مداوم دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

4 پزشک عمومی، اهواز، ایران.

5 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، کارشناس مرکز آموزش مداوم دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

6 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی، کارشناس مرکز آموزش مداوم دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

برنامه‌های آموزش مداوم از رایج ترین روش‌های روزامد نمودن دانش پزشکان است. نیازسنجی و اولویت بندی نیازهای آموزشی از نظر پزشکان عمومی به منظور پاسخ به نیازهای علمی آموزشی و ارتقای کیفی خدمات می‌باشد. این پژوهش یک مطالعه توصیفی مقطعی بوده که در سال 1395 انجام گرفته و به دو مفهوم اصلی شناسایی و اولویت بندی نیازهای آموزشی پزشکان عمومی پرداخته است. نمونه آماری پژوهش پزشکان عمومی شاغل در بخش‌های مختلف درمانی شهرستان اهواز بوده که بر اساس لیست اداره نظارت معاونت درمان مورد پرسشگری قرار گرفته‌اند. اطلاعات مربوطه با استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه که مشتمل بر 19 سؤال می‌باشد، گردآوری شده و طی آن نیازهای آموزشی و اولویت آن با مقیاس 5 درجه‌ای لیکرت مورد سؤال واقع گردیده است. اعتبار پرسشنامه از طریق اعتبار محتوایی مورد تأیید و پایایی آن نیز از محاسبه ضریب آلفای کرونباخ به مقدار 85/. بدست آمده است. بررسی نتایج تحلیل شده داده‌ها نشان داد که بالاترین میزان علاقه از 19 برنامه پیشنهادی به برنامه آموزشی بیماری‌های پوست و کمترین به برنامه طب کار اظهار شده، همچنین اولویت ده گانه برنامه‌های پیشنهادی بالاترین اولویت مربوط به دوره آموزشی اورژانس بیماری‌های داخلی و پایین‌ترین اولویت به پزشکی قانونی اعلام شده است. آن چه از مجموع پژوهش، می‌شود نتیجه گرفت تمایل و علاقمندی مشمولان به برنامه‌های پیشنهادی متفاوت از اولویت‌های ذکر شده می‌باشد و نشان می‌دهند علاقمندی جدای از نیاز و احساس اولویت در کسب آموزش‌های دوره‌های باز آموزی می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Priorities and NeedAnalyses of Instructional Programs for G.P. subjected to Continuous Retraining Courses in Ahvaz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Siamak Baghaei 1
  • Elham Rajaei 2
  • abbas Shokouhi 3
  • Azita Hasanian 4
  • Atefeh Ehterami 5
  • Mansur Sahraee 6
1 MD Internist Alimentary, Tract Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Faculty member, department of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Vice President of Continuing Education Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
4 General Practitioner, Ahvaz, Iran.
5 M.A. in educational administration, Continuing Education Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences; Ahvaz, Iran.
6 M.A. in psychology, Continuing Education Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences; Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Continuing education programs are one of the most widespread methods to update the knowledge of the physicians. In addition, the Center for continuing education should have an appropriate mechanism for needs assessment of its programs. According to general practitioners, assessment and prioritization of training needs are to optimize programs, respond to their educational needs and improve the quality of  servises that increases the efficiency and effectiveness of continuing education. Hence, this cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 focused on two main concepts: the identification and prioritization of the educational needs of general practitioners (G.P.). The statistical sample of this study was general practitioners working in different medical parts of Ahvaz city, who were questioned based on a list provided by Administration Department of the Treatment Vice-Chancellery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected using a 5-point Likert scale containing 19 questions. The questionnaire’ validity and reliability were confirmed by the content validity, and also by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.85), respectively. According to the analysis of the data, out of the 19 proposed programs, the highest rate of interest was related to the training program of skin diseases, whereas the lowest rate of interest was related to occupational medicine program. In addition, out of ten priorities of proposed programs, the highest and lowest priority were corresponded precisely to the training course for emergency of internal diseases and forensics, respectively.  The subjects claimed that their desire and interest to proposed programs was different from the mentioned priorities, and indicated interest was apart from the need and priority in the acquisition of retraining courses.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • General practitioners
  • Continuing education
  • needs assessment

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