نیازسنجی و مقایسه ی برنامه های توسعه، رشد و بالندگی اعضای هیأت علمی در دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه ی آموزش پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی، اراک، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی گروه عفونی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی، اراک، ایران

چکیده

امروزه برنامه های رشد و بالندگی اعضای هیأت علمی، از جمله استراتژی های نوین به منظور حفظ و ارتقای سطح دانش و عملکرد اساتید به شمار می رود، پژوهش حاضر نیز با هدف مقایسه ی نیازهای آموزشی اساتید دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک در سال 1391 انجام پذیرفت. در این پژوهش توصیفی- تحلیلی، نیاز آموزشی 158 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک در شش حیطه مورد تأیید وزارت متبوع شامل: حیطه های مهارت های تدریس، پژوهشی، توسعه ئی فردی، اجرایی مدیریتی، ارائه خدمات درمانی و فعالیت های خارج دانشگاه توسط یک چک لیست 61 گویه ای که با طیف لیکرت طبقه بندی شده بود به روش خودارزیابی توسط اساتید نیازسنجی و مورد مقایسه قرارگرفت. روایی و پایایی چک لیست مورد تأیید قرار گرفت و داده ها نیز از طریق نرم افزار EPI6 و آزمون ANOVA تحلیل شد. در این مطالعه به ترتیب اولویت توسعه ی فردی، اولویت پژوهشی، اولویت آموزشی، اولویت اجرایی مدیریتی، اولویت ارائه خدمات درمانی و اولویت فعالیت های خارج دانشگاه به عنوان مهمترین نیاز آموزشی اساتید این دانشگاه ارزیابی شد. بین حیطه‌های مورد ارزیابی با جنسیت اساتید و دانشکده ی محل خدمت اختلاف معناداری مشاهده نشد (P>0/05). اما بین حیطه ها با نوع استخدام اساتید، مرتبه ی علمی و سابقه ی خدمت اختلاف معناداری مشاهده گردید (P<0/05). این پژوهش بر لزوم انجام نیازسنجی و نیز انطباق برنامه ها با نیاز واقعی اساتید تأکید نموده و آن را به عنوان محور اصلی ارتقای کیفیت آموزش علوم پزشکی و نیز ارتقای کیفیت خدمات سلامت ذکر می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Need Assessment & Comparison of Faculties Developmental Programs in Arak University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • zohreh anbari 1
  • Nader Zarinfar 2
1 Faculty of member, , Department of EDC, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2 Faculty of member, Department of Infectious, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, faculty members' developmental programs have been considered as modern strategies in order to promote and revenue teachers' knowledge. This study aimed to comparative educational needs of faculty members in Arak University Colleges of Medical Sciences in 2012. In this cross-sectional study, educational needs of 158 faculty members were assessed in six ranges confirmed by followed ministry. These ranges contained: teaching skills, research, individual development, management executive, remedial services and outside-university activities. Data were collected by 61-section checklist in Liker .The validity and reliability of this checklist was confirmed. Data was analyzed through Epi6 and ANOVA test. In this study, the individual development priorities, research priorities, education al priorities, executive management priorities, preferences and priorities of health care services were evaluated as most of the educational needs. There was no significant difference between assessed ranges with sex and kind of faculty (P> 0.05) but there was significant difference between type of employment, scientific degree, and record of service with assessed ranges (P< 0.05). This study emphasizes on the necessity of needs and also adapted programs based on faculty members' actual needs and mentioned as the main pivot to promote both medical educational quality and health services quality

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Assessment
  • Comparison
  • Developmental program
  • Faculty Members
  • Medical Sciences University

Anbari, Z 2002, To Study the Factors of Establishing Motivation in GP in Order to Enter into Continuing Education Programs in Arak Universities of Medical Sciences, Iran Journal of Medical Education, Vol. 8,Pp.13-14. (in Persian) Anbari, Z, Ramezani, M 2010, Barrier and Provide Clinical Guidelines Improve the Quality of Education at the Medical School Arak University of Medical Sciences in 2008, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Vol.13, No.2, Pp. 110-118. (in Persian) Asadi, A, Taheri, M, Khoshrang, H 2011, Educational Needs Assessment of Faculty Members: Priorities and Strategies, Research in Medical Education Mshhad, Vol.3, No.2, Pp. 36-42. (in Persian) Amini, A, Karegar, MH, Hatami Sadabadi, et al 2002, Determine the continuing education needs of GPs in Azarayejan Sharghi, Iran Journal of Medical Education, Vol.7,Pp.19 . (in Persian) Allahyari, A, Maghsodi, B, Shoja Alhagh, et al 2002, Survey of Anesthesiology and intern teachers on the educational goals of medicine anesthesia training courses, Iran Journal of Medical Education, Vol.7, Pp. 17. (in Persian) Adkoli, BV, AL-Umram, KU, AL-Sheikh, et al 2010, Innovative Method of Need Assessment for Faculty Development Programs in a Gulf Medical School, Education for Health, Vol.23, No.3, Pp. 1-12. Avijgan, M, Karamalian, H, Ashourioun, V, et al 2009, Educational Needs Assessment of Medical School's Clinical Faculty Members in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran Journal of Medical Education, Vol.9, No.2, Pp. 93-102. (in Persian) Abrahamson, S, Baron, J, Elstein, AS, et al 1999, Continuing Medical Education for File: Eight Principles, Acad Med, Vol.74, No.12, Pp. 1288-1294. Baldwin, CD, Levine, HG, McCormick, DP 1995, Meeting the faculty development needs of generalist physicians in academia, Acad Med ,Vol 70, pp. 97–103. Bazrafkan, L, Neekseresht, AR, Bazergan, AB 2002, Need Assessment of Medical Eduvation Objectives in Training &Internship: Viewpoints interns, Iran Journal of Medical Education, Vol.7, Pp. 26-27. (in Persian). Bakhshi, H, Amjadi, Z, Arsalan, E 2007, Review the training needs of faculty, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Proceeding of the 8 th National Conference on Medical Education Kerman, Pp.213. (in Persian)

Shahidi, Sh, Changiz, T, Salmanzadeh, H, et al 2002, Factors Affecting the Need Assessment in Continuing Medical Education: Presenting a Practical Guidline for Selecting Models & Techniques, Iran Journal of Medical Education, Vol.9, No.4, Pp. 321-330. (in Persian) Taghipor, A 2004, An introduction to educational planning and curriculum, published twenty, Tehran, Publication of Aghah, Pp. 145-146. (in Persian) Taghavi, AR, Gholami, M, Gholami, M 2008 , Evaluate the satisfaction level of the education faculty to serve on the empowerment of computers in clinical medicine development center Namazi Hospital, Proceeding of the 9 th National Conference on Medical Education Yazd, Pp.98. (in Persian) Yarmohammadian, M, Bahrami, S, Forughi Abari, A 2003, Health Directors and Experts & Proper Need Assessment Model, Iran J Med Education Vol.9, Pp. 69-75. (in Persian) Zareiyan Jahromi, A, Ahmadi, F 2005, learning Needs Assessment in bachelor of Nursing: A qualitative Research, Iran J Med Education, Vol.2, No.5, Pp. 86-98. (in Persian)