کاربردپذیری نظریه ی شخصیتی پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت در موقعیت های تحصیلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد دزفول، دزفول، ایران

چکیده

هدف اساسی این پژوهش پیشبینی پیشرفت تحصیلی بر اساس پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت است. نمونهای مشتمل بر 903 نفر ) 903 دختر، و 902 پسر( از دانش آموزان سال سوم راهنمایی شهر دزفول به روش نمونه گیری خوشه ای چند مرحله ای انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه ی 90 سؤالی NEO-FFI پاسخ دادند. نتایج نشان داد که پیشرفت تحصیلی با چهار عامل شخصیتی: برونگرایی، پذیرش، سازگاری، و وظیفه شناسی رابطه مثبت و با عامل روانرنجورخویی رابطه منفی معنادار دارد. نتایج رگرسیون گام بهگام مشخص کرد که دو عامل روان رنجور خویی و پذیرش توانست در دو گام بیش از 5 درصد واریانس پیشرفت تحصیلی را تبیین کنند. نتایج بر پایه نظریه پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت در مورد گروه نمونه مورد بحث قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Applicability of Five Big Traits in Personality Theory on Academic Situations

نویسنده [English]

  • Saeed Moshtaghi
Faculty member of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, of Dezful, Dezful, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to examine the prediction of academic achievement by five big personality traits. The sample included 609 students (308 girls and 301 boys) selected randomly from different high schools in Dezful city. Data collected by Five Factor Personality Inventory (NEO-FFI) (Costa& McCare, 1992). Academic achievement had a positive correlation with extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and a negative correlation with neuroticism. Stepwise regression analysis showed that only neuroticism and openness in two steps could explain 5% of variance in academic achievement. The results were discussed in terms of the theory of personality.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • academic achievement
  • Big Five personality traits

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