اثربخشی مشاوره ی انگیزشی نظام مند بر افزایش انگیزه ی پیشرفت تحصیلی و کاهش اضطراب امتحان دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره مدرسه، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره، دانشگاه ناتینگهام، انگلستان.

3 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره ، مربی دانشگاه جامع علمی کاربردی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش تعیین تأثیر روش مشاوره ی انگیزشی نظام مند بر افزایش انگیزهی پیشرفت تحصیلی و کاهش اضطراب امتحان دانشجویان بود. در این پژوهش تجربی 93 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی تهران به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شده و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. آزمودنی های هر دو گروه به پرسشنامه ی
مقیاس انگیزش تحصیلی و سیاههی اضطراب امتحان در قالب پیشآزمون پاسخ دادند. سپس برای گروه آزمایش 21 جلسه  مشاوره ی انگیزشی نظام مند برگزار شد که در این مدت گروه کنترل هیچ مشاورهای دریافت نکرد. پس از آن هر دو گروه مجدداً به پرسشنامه ی مقیاس انگیزش تحصیلی و سیاههی اضطراب امتحان در قالب پسآزمون پاسخ دادند. پس از گردآوری
داده ها، اطلاعات از طریق روشهای آماری تحلیل کوواریانس و تحلیل واریانس بلوکی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان 39 % بر ترکیب خطی متغیرهای وابسته )اضطراب انگیزشی( اثر کرده است / داد، مشاوره انگیزشی نظام مند به میزان 3 3/31( P< =96/ و 399 F(. همچنین مشاورهی انگیزشی نظاممند به میزان 39 % بر افزایش نمرات انگیزش تحصیلی 3/31( P< =33/ و 231 F 3/ ( و 91 % بر کاهش اضطراب امتحان اثر داشته است ) 31 P< =69/ و 333 F (. بر اساس یافته های
این پژوهش میتوان نتیجه گرفت که روش مشاوره ی انگیزشی نظاممند بر افزایش انگیزه پیشرفت تحصیلی و کاهش اضطراب hمتحان دانشجویان مؤثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of "Systematic Motivational Counseling" on Student’s Academic Achievement and Test Anxiety Decrease

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Saadat 1
  • Pegah Karimi Mofrad 2
  • Azizreza Ghasemzadeh 3
1 MSc in school counseling, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc Counseling, Nottingham University, School of Education, Nottingham, England.
3 University of Applied Sciences, Tehran Welfare Organization, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The main objective of this research was to determine the effect of systematic motivational counseling (SMC) method on university students' academic achievement motivation and test anxiety. 30 students were randomly chosen and were divided into two control and intervention groups. Both groups responded to the inventory of school motivation and test anxiety questionnaires as the pretest. At first, 15 sessions of systematic motivational counseling were held for the intervention group and then both groups recompleted the mentioned questionnaires as the post test. After gathering the data, results were analyzed through statistical methods such as Analyzing Co-variance (ANCVOVA) and Multiple Analyzing Covariance (MANCOVA).Results indicated that SMC has increased the linear combination of depended variables (motivational anxiety) by 83/9% (F-64/936, P<0.05). Moreover, SMC has increased the level of academic motivation to 73% (F-70.182, P<0.05) and has decreased test anxiety to 62% (F-43.707, P<0.05). According to the results, it could be concluded that Systematic Motivational Counseling (SMC) would have an effect on increasing the academic achievement motivation and decreasing test anxiety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Systematic Motivational Counseling
  • Achievement motivation
  • test anxiety
  • Academic achievement motivation

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