ادراک از جهت گیری آینده در دانشجویان پزشکی با توجه به سبک های فرزندپروری والدین و سبک های هویت فرزندان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده


آینده برای جوانان نیز یکی از دغدغه های مهم فکری است که با اهداف، امیدها و ترس های آن ها آمیخته است. امروزه با صنعتی شدن جوامع، آینده ی جوان از لحاظ شغلی و ازدواج به تعویق افتاده است. هدف مطالعه ی حاضر، بررسی اثر غیر مستقیم ادراک از سبک های فرزندپروری مادر و پدر بر جهت گیری آینده ی دانشجویان پزشکی با واسطه گری متغیر سبک های هویت بود. پژوهش حاضر از نوع طرح های علی و هدف از آن، کشف روابط علی ممکن بین متغیرها است. بدین منظور، 386 نفر (200 مرد و 186 زن) از دانشجویان سال پنجم، ششم و هفتم دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران به طور تصادفی انتخاب شدند و به سه پرسش نامه ی سبک های هویت برزونسکی، سیاهه ی مسیر زندگی آینده و سیاهه ی مادر پدر پاسخ دادند. برای آزمون مدل ها و فرضیه های پژوهش و تعیین روابط علی بین متغیرها از روش تحلیل مسیر استفاده با استفاده از نرم افزار لیزرل استفاده شده است. تحلیل آماری داده ها نشان داد که نقش واسطه ای سبک هویت اطلاعاتی بین خودمختاری مادر و پذیرش پدر بر جهت گیری رفتاری (27/ 0، 25/ 0)، شناختی (21/ 0، 10/ 0) و انگیزشی (36/ 0، 32/ 0) معنادار است. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد از میان ادراکات از سبک ای فرزندپروری تنها ادراک از سبک ای مادر (خودمختاری و پذیرش) می واند پیش ینی کننده ی سبک هویت (اطلاعاتی) و مولفه رفتاری جهت یری آینده باشد. این دو بعد، با سبک هویت اطلاعاتی، رابطه ی معنادار دارند. به عبارت دیگر، جوانانی که مادران آنان از سبک فرزندپروری خودمختاری بیشتر و پذیرش کمتر استفاده می کنند، بیشتر از سبک هویت اطلاعاتی استفاده می-کنند. در تبیین این یافته می توان گفت مشارکت جوان در تصمیم گیری، او را به جستجوگری برای یافتن گزینه های مناسب هدایت می کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Medical Students' Perception of the Future Orientation of Considering Parent's Parenting Styles and Children’ Identity Styles

نویسنده [English]

  • Mansoureh Rabbani zadeh
MA of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Future is one of the primary concerns combined with adults' goals, hopes and fears. Nowadays with Industrialization of societies, young adults' marriage and vocational future is postponed. Hence, the purpose of the present study was to examine indirect effect of perceived parenting styles on future orientation among medical students with mediating role of identity styles. This study was a causal model with the aim of discovering causal relationship between variables. Then, 386 sample (200 male , 186 female) of 5 th to 7th -year students of Iran Medical Sciences University were selected randomly; they fill in Berzunskey Identity Styles questionnaire, Prospective Life course inventory and Father-Mother-Peer Inventory. In order to testing research models and hypothesis and determining causal relationships between variables, path analysis method was used applying Lisrel software. Furthermore, statistical analysis showed significant relationship between mediating role of informative identity style in the effect of mother's autonomy and father's acceptance on behavioral (0/27,0/25), cognitive (0/21,0/10), motivational (0/36,0/0/32) components of future orientation. Moreover, the result showed that just perceived parenting style of mother (autonomy, acceptance) between perceptions of parenting styles can predict informative identity style and behavioral component of future orientation. These two dimensions have strong relationship with informative identity style; in other words, the young adult whose mother has more autonomy and less acceptance parenting style can use more informative style. The explanation of this finding indicates that participating in decision making would direct young adults to appropriate choices.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Future Orientation
  • parenting styles
  • Identity Styles
  • Medical Ssciences Student
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