بررسی رفتارهای مراقبتی از دیدگاه دانشجویان پرستاری در بخش های ویژه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه داخلی جراحی، دانشکده ی پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه داخلی جراحی، دانشکده ی پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد آموزش پرستاری داخلی جراحی، گروه داخلی جراحی، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

آموزش بالینی نقش عمده ای در توسعه مهارت های بالینی داشته و پرستاری نیازمند این است که دانشجویان نحوه مناسب ارایه مراقبت حرفه ای از بیماران را در محیط های بالینی بیاموزند. با وجود نقش مهم آموزش بالینی در ارتقای رفتارهای مراقبتی، هنوز درک و اولویت بندی دانشجویان پرستاری از این رفتارها نامشخص است. لذا این مطالعه با هدف شناسایی اولویتهای رفتارهای مراقبتی از دیدگاه دانشجویان پرستاری صورت گرفت. در این مطالعه توصیفی کلیه دانشجویان پرستاری ترم 7 و 8 سال تحصیلی 1392 علوم پزشکی تبریز به تعداد 200 نفر که مشغول به کارورزی ویژه بودند، به صورت سرشماری انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری، پرسشنامه مراقبتی (Care-Q) بود که توسط لارسون توسعه یافته است و مقیاس داده ها در این پژوهش لیکرت پنج درجه ای با 57 گویه رفتار مراقبتی و شش زیر گروه تنظیم گردید. تجزیه و تحلیل یافته ها توسط نرم افزار آماریSPSS/ Ver.21 انجام گرفت. یافته ها نشان داد که دانشجویان اهمیت رفتارهای مراقبتی را در حد بالایی ارزیابی کرده بودند. بالاترین رتبه مربوط به زیرگروه «در دسترس بودن، پایش و پیگیری بیمار» و کمترین رتبه «ارتباط توام با اعتماد و پیش بینی نیازهای بیمار» بود. همچنین دانشجویان پسر نسبت به دانشجویان دختر، پایش و پیگیری بیمار را در رتبه بالایی مشخص نموده بودند )05/0p<). دراین مطالعه دانشجویان پرستاری توجه به بعد جسمانی و فیزیکی مراقبت را بیشتر از توجه به بعد عاطفی درک کرده بودند که نشان می دهد دانشجویان بایستی توجه زیادی به سایر نیازها در هنگام مراقبت از بیماران داشته باشند. دادن آموزش و آگاهی از ابتدای فعالیت بالینی جهت و ارتقاء یادگیری رفتارهای مراقبتی مناسب پیشنهاد می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Evaluation of Nursing Students' Point of Views toward Caring Behaviors in Intensive Cares

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sima Lakdizajee 1
  • Azad Rahmani 1
  • Vahid Zamanzade 2
  • Sona Pashaee 3
1 Faculty member of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Faculty member of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3 MSc. in Medical- Surgical Nursing Education, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Clinical education has a major role in the development of clinical skills. Nursing requires that the students learn how to become professional healthcare in the clinical environment. Despite the vital role of clinical training in improving the quality of students’ caring behaviors, however large differences exist in the perceptions of caring behaviors. The purpose of this study was to identify the viewpoints of nurses students regarding the priority of caring behaviors. In this descriptive study, all the nursing students during 7th and 8th semester in Tabriz nursing School of Medical Sciences in 2013 were chosen by census sampling, included 200 students (67% female, 33% mail) that were passing the ICU clinical teaching. Data were also collected by the Caring Assessment Questionnaire (Care-Q), developed by Larson. Caring behaviors consisted of 57 statement were ranked on a 5-point Likert-type scale and ordered in six subscales. After analyzing data by using SPSS software version 21.0, the results demonstrated that students' high ranking in the importance of caring, was about "Being Accessible", "Monitoring and Following through" and the low ranking was about "Trusting Relationships” and "Anticipates”, respectively. Moreover, male students ranked "Monitoring and following through" (p < 0.05) higher than females. Furthermore, the nursing students perceived highly physical aspects of caring compared to emotional caring. Therefore, the results revealed the necessity of students 'awareness of the other needs during caring of patients. It is worthy to note that educational training and informing students in the beginning of clinical placement would facilitate accepting the promotion of their motivation for learning caring behaviors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Clinical Education
  • Students
  • Nursing
  • caring

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