اثربخشی آموزش مهارت خودآگاهی بر انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی و پرخاشگری دانش آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، رودهن، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی شخصیت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرج، کرج، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران

4 مربی دانشگاه جامع علمی کاربردی، سازمان بهزیستی تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده


پرخاشگری همه ی ابعاد رشد و سلامت نوجوانان را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد. رشد جسمی آنان را به علت ایجاد استرس و تنش فراوان مختل می سازد. همچنین رشد ذهنی یا شناختی و یادگیری و پیشرفت تحصیلی آنان را کاهش می دهد. هدف این پژوهش تعیین میزان تاثیر مهارت خود آگاهی بر پرخاشگری و انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش آموزان پسر سال سوم راهنمایی بوده است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه ی تجربی با طرح پیش آزمون_پس آزمون با گروه کنترل می باشد. جامعه ی آماری کلیه ی دانش آموزان پسر سال سوم راهنمایی شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی 92-1391 بود. در این پژوهش تعداد 36 دانش آموز پایه ی سوم راهنمایی از چهار مدرسه راهنمایی تحصیلی که دارای بالاترین میزان پرخاشگری بودند انتخاب و بصورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جای گرفتند. برای جمع آوری داده ها از آزمون پرخاشگری و انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی استفاده شد. آموزش مهارت خودآگاهی در 8 جلسه ی 45 دقیقه ای در دو گروه آزمایشی به مدت 2 ماه صورت گرفت و گروه کنترل نیز بدون هیچ برنامه ی آموزشی بودند و پس از اتمام آموزش، پس آزمون برای هر دو گروه اجرا شد. برای تحلیل یافته ها از روش تحلیل واریانس بلوکی استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که اثربخشی آموزش مهارت خودآگاهی بر کاهش پرخاشگری (05/0P< و 202/134=F) و افزایش انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی تفاوت معناداری دارد (05/0P< و 997/134=F). بر اساس یافته های این پژوهش می توان نتیجه گرفت که مهارت خودآگاهی بر افزایش انگیزه ی پیشرفت تحصیلی و کاهش پرخاشگری دانش آموزان موثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Self-awareness Training on Students' Academic Achievement Motivation and their Aggression

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahar Ashrafi 1
  • Masumeh Hadadi 2
  • Nazbanoo Nashiba 3
  • Azizreza Ghasemzadeh 4
1 MSc in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Rodhen Azad University, Rodhen, Iran.
2 MSc in Personality Psychology, Department of Psychology, Karaj Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3 MSc in Educational Technology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
4 University of Applied Sciences, Tehran Welfare Organization, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aggressive will affect all aspects of the adolescents' growth and health; their physical growth due to great stress disrupts reduce both their mental or cognitive growth, and learning and academic achievement. The present study aimed to examine the impact of selfawareness training on reducing aggression and promoting educational achievement motivation in third-grade students of Middle School. This research was based on a quasiexperimental framework and was conducted through implementing pre- and post-test. The research population included all third graders of Middle School during 2011-2012 in Tehran, Iran. A total number of 36 third graders with the highest level of aggression was randomly selected from a given school in District One of Tehran Municipality and were divided into control and experimental groups. Aggression Questionnaire (AGQ) and Inventory School Motivation(ISM) were employed to gather data. Moreover, the experimental group received treatment for two months in 8 sessions (each lasting for 45 minutes) whereas the control group received no treatment. Having finished treatment, both groups took post-test. One-way blocked analysis of variance was utilized to analyze the data. Therefore, results showed that there existed a statistically significant relationship between the self-awareness training and aggression reduction (F= 134.202, P< 0.05). In addition, self-awareness training and promotion of educational achievement motivation were significantly related (F= 134.997, P< 0.05). Regarding the research findings, it can be concluded that self-awareness would considerably reduce students’ aggression and promote their educational achievement motivation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-awareness
  • aggression
  • Motivation
  • Educational Achievement
  • Students

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