پیش بینی سلامت روان و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان از طریق راهبردهای شناختی تنظیم هیجان در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندیشاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

4 کارشناس روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده


هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی راهبردهای شناختی تنظیم هیجان به عنوان پیش بینی کننده های سلامت روان و عملکرد تحصیلی در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز بود. در این پژوهش تعداد 230 نفر از دانشجویان به صورت نمونه گیری خوشه ای تصادفی انتخاب شدند. برای بررسی متغیرهای پژوهش از دو پرسشنامه راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان شناختی (CERQ) و سلامت عمومی (GHQ) و برای اندازه گیری عملکرد تحصیلی از معدل نمرات واحدهایی که دانشجویان تاکنون گذرانده بودند، استفاده شد. برای تحلیل داده ها از نسخه ی 16 نرم افزار SPSS استفاده شد که تحلیل چند متغیری (رگرسیون) نشان داد از میان راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان شناختی سازگار، پذیرش و از میان راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان شناختی ناسازگار، فاجعه انگاری بهترین پیش بینی کنندگان سلامت روان می باشند. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که هیچ کدام از راهبردهای شناختی تنظیم هیجان با عملکرد تحصیلی دارای رابطه ی معنادار نیستند. راهبرد شناختی فاجعه انگاری بیشترین عامل تبیین کننده ی سلامت روان را به خود اختصاص داده بود. پسران بیش از دختران از راهبردهای ملامت خود و فاجعه انگاری استفاده می کردند. با توجه به نتایج تحقیق، راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان شناختی می تواند هدف مهمی در مداخلات شناختی_رفتاری باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Mental Health and Academic Performance of students within Cognitive Emotional Regulation Strategies in Medical Sciences University of Jundishapur in Ahvaz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi sayyahBargard 1
  • Alireza olapour 2
  • Ali ardame 3
  • Shokouh shahidi 4
  • Esmail yaghoobi askarabad 3
1 Faculty member, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Faculty member, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Ma of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.
4 Bd of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was the examination of cognitive emotional regulation strategies as predictors of mental health and educational outcomes of students in Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences. In this study, 230 students were selected by random cluster sampling and also two questionnaires to examine the variables of this study were cognitive emotional regulation strategies (CERQ) and general health questionnaire (GHQ). In order to measure the academic performance of students, the average of scores that they already had passed was used. The multivariate analysis (logistic regression) showed that acceptance, belonged to compatible cognitive emotional regulation strategies and catastrophising belonged to incompatible cognitive emotional regulation strategies were significant predictors of psychological health. In addition, the multivariate regression showed that none of cognitive emotional regulation strategies were significant predictors of academic performance. The catastrophising strategy also played more roles in predicting the psychological health. Furthermore, it was revealed that males more than females used selfblame strategy and catastrophising. According to the results of this study, cognitive emotional regulation strategies would be useful for cognitive-behavioral interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive emotion regulation strategies
  • mental health
  • educational outcomesof students
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