مقایسه میزان استفاده از سبک‌های یادگیری وارک و شیوه حل مسأله در دانشجویان استعداد درخشان و سایر دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، مرکز تحقیقات پرستاری مامایی جامعه‌نگر دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری اورژانس، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی، گروه اپیدمیولوژی و آمار زیستی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران.

5 عضو هیات علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی و پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان، رشت، ایران.

6 عضو هیأت علمی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

شناسایی سبک‌های یادگیری و شیوه حل مسأله متناسب با استعداد دانشجویان نقش مهمی در یادگیری به فراگیران و نهایتاً اعتلای سطح آموزش آن‌ها ایفا می‌کند. هدف این مطالعه بررسی و مقایسه میزان استفاده از سبک‌های یادگیری وارک و شیوه حل مسئله در دانشجویان استعداد درخشان و سایر دانشجویان بود. این پژوهش به روش توصیفی_تحلیلی بر روی 200 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم در سال 1396 صورت گرفت. ابزارهای مورد استفاده در این پژوهش پرسش‌نامه‌های سبک حل مسئله کسیدی و لانگ، پرسش‌نامه سبک یادگیری وارک و اطلاعات فردی بود. داده‌ها از طریق نرم افزار SPSSv20 تجزیه و تحلیل شد. میانگین سنی دانشجویان استعداد درخشان و سایر دانشجویان به ترتیب 5/4 ± 68/23 و 97/4 ± 52/23 بود. دو گروه از نظر سن (85/0p=) و جنس (87/0p=) اختلاف معنادار نداشتند. میانگین معدل در دو گروه استعداد درخشان و سایرین نیز به ترتیب 9/0 ± 52/18 و 12/0 ± 85/16 بود که اختلاف معناداری با یکدیگر داشتند. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد میانگین سبک حل مسئله در دو حیطه کلی حل مسئله سازنده و غیر سازنده در دو گروه استعداد درخشان (37/0p=) و سایرین (29/0p=) با یکدیگر اختلاف معناداری نداشتند. همچنین در سبک یادگیری از میان چهار حیطه یادگیری دیداری، شنیداری، خواندن و مهارت تنها در حیطه خواندن بین دو گروه استعداد درخشان و سایرین اختلاف معناداری وجود داشت (04/0p=). با تعیین سبک‌های یادگیری و حل مسأله در دانشجویان، می‌توان کمک شایانی به گروه‌های آموزشی و اساتید مشاور برای پیشبرد اهداف آموزشی، یادگیری دانشجویان و سایر فعالیت‌های آن‌ها نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Use of Wark's Learning Styles in Comparison with Problem-solving Method between Talented Students and Other students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Masoudi 1
  • Maryam Latif 2
  • Somaye Momenian 3
  • Zeinab Karimi 4
  • Alireza Shouri bidgoli 5
  • Mohammad Abbasi 6
1 Faculty member, Community Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
2 M.Sc. Student in Emergency Nursing, Student Research Center of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty , Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
3 Ph.D. student, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
4 M.Sc. in Health Education & Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
5 M.Sc. in Nursing, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
6 Faculty Member, Nursing Department, Nursing and midwifery school, Student Research Center of Nursing and Midwifery School, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, iran.
چکیده [English]

Identifying the learning styles and problem-solving methods being in proportion to students' talent plays an important role in learners’ learning and, finally, improving their level of education. The purpose of this study was to compare the use of Wark's learning styles and problem-solving methods in talented students and other students. This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 200 students of Qom University of Medical Sciences in 2017. The instruments used in this study were Cassidy and Lang problem solving style questionnaire, Wark's learning style questionnaire, and demographic information. Then, data were analyzed using SPSSv.20 software. The mean age of talent students and other students was 23.68 ± 4.4 and 23.52 ± 4.97, respectively. Moreover, there was no significant difference between two groups in terms of age (p = 0.85) and sex (p = 0.87). The average score in both talents and others was 18.52 ± 0.9 and 16.85 ± 12.2 respectively, as if it had a significant difference. Ultimately, findings revealed that the mean of problem solving style in two general domains of constructive and non-constructive problem solving was not considerably different between two groups of talent (p = 0.37) and others (p = 0.29), even though, in the learning style, there was a significant difference between the four areas of visual learning, listening, reading, and reading skills in the field of reading between the two talent groups and others (p = 0.04). Regarding the results, by determining the learning styles and problem solving in the students, it is possible to help educational groups and counselors for advancement of educational goals and enhancing their learning and other activities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Learning Style
  • problem solving
  • talented student
  • Student

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