یادگیری تلفیقی و اثر بخشی آن در آموزش پرستاری: مطالعه مروری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه پرستاری داخلی و جراحی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری پرستاری، گروه پرستاری داخلی و جراحی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

استفاده از یک الگوی تدریس، به تنهایی قادر به پیشبرد یادگیری نیست و به منظور ایجاد دوره‌های فعال یادگیری و ایجاد زمینه فکر کردن در یادگیرندگان، باید تلفیقی از طیف‌های آموزشی و الگوهای تدریس استفاده کرد. یادگیری تلفیقی، رویکردی جدید در طراحی آموزشی است که به عنوان به کارگیری بیش از یک روش، استراتژی، تکنیک یا رسانه در آموزش تعریف می‌شود. هدف از این مطالعه مروری، بررسی و ارائه‌ی منسجم موضوعات مرتبط با مبحث یادگیری تلفیقی، با تکیه بر آموزش پرستاری است. مقاله حاضر یک مطالعه مروری است که محتوای لازم برای نگارش آن از طریق جستجوی پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی PubMed، Science Direct، SID، IranMedex، Magiran به دست آمده است. کلید واژه‌های مورد استفاده شامل Blended، Integrated، Teaching، Learning و Nursing به صورت مجزا و ترکیبی بودند. تعداد 80 محتوای مستند منتشر شده بین سال‌های 2000 تا  2017 مرتبط با موضوع یادگیری تلفیقی انتخاب و بررسی گردید و از این میان 20 مقاله مرتبط با موضوع مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. پس از بررسی متون مرتبط با یادگیری تلفیقی، به موضوعاتی مانند مفهوم، اهداف، مزایا و چالش‌های یادگیری تلفیقی در علوم پزشکی و به خصوص آموزش پرستاری پرداخته شده است. همچنین در بسیاری از این مطالعات استراتژی استفاده از برنامه‌های آموزشی تلفیقی، حمایت شده و شواهد نشان می‌دهند که این روش‌ها باعث افزایش سطح دانش و مهارت فراگیران می‌شوند. یادگیری تلفیقی بر شیوه‌های آموزش سنتی ارجحیت دارد و با در نظرگرفتن مزایای شیوه آموزش سنتی در کنار سایر روش‌های نوین، امکان تحقق یادگیری عمیق و فعال را فراهم خواهد کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Blended Learning and Its Effectiveness in Nursing Education: Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Karimi Moonaghi 1
  • seyed mostafa mohsenizadeh 2
1 Faculty member, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Ph.D. Student in Nursing, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Using a teaching model is not affective enough to advance learning alone. A compilation of the educational and teaching models should be used to create active learning courses and thinking in learners. In addition, blended learning is a new approach to the instructional designthat is defined as applying more than one method, strategy, technique, or media in education. Hence, the purpose of this review was to present topics related to the subject of blended learning with an emphasis on nursing education. This study was a review that required content for writing it was obtained from searching databases PubMed, Science Direct, SID, IranMedex, and Magiran. The applied keywords included blended, integrated, teaching, learning, and nursing separately and in combination. 80 documentary content were published  in 2000 to 2017 related to blended learning were selected and evaluated, then only 20 related papers were used. After reviewing the relevant literature about blended learning, issues such as objectives, benefits, and challenges of blended learning have been discussed in medicine, especially nursing education. Using the strategy of blended educational programs was supported by plenty of these studies. The evidence indicated that these methods increase students' knowledge and skills. Blended learning has been preferred over traditional training methods, therefore, it will provide the possibility of realizing deep and active learning by considering the benefits of traditional training methods along with other new methods.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blended Teaching
  • blended learning
  • Integrated Teaching
  • Effectiveness
  • Nursing Education

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