بررسی مشکلات مربیان پرستاری با سابقه بیش از 5 سال در آموزش بالینی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آموزش پرستاری، دانشکده پزشکی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری سلامت جامعه، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر به منظور بررسی مسائل و مشکلات مربیان پرستاری با سابقه بیش از 5 سال انجام شده است. البته در دهه اخیر پیشرفت‌های چشمگیری در زمینه آموزش عالی به خصوص در زمینه پزشکی و پرستاری رخ داده ولی در ظاهر موانع و مشکلات زیادی در امر آموزش پرستاری وجود دارد که شناخت و پیدا کردن راه حل مناسب می‌تواند از اثرات نامطلوب آن‌ها پیشگیری کند. مطالعه حاضر، مطالعه‌ای توصیفی است، که بر روی 40 مربی پرستاری با سابقه بیش از 5 سال دانشگاه‌های دولتی شهر تهران و در ارتباط با مشکلات کاری مرتبط با آموزش در بالین در سال 1394_1395 انجام گرفته است. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه اطلاعات دموگرافیک و پرسشنامه مشکلات ویژه مربیان در 5 بخش مشکلات فردی، ایفای نقش، ساختاری، تعاملی و تسهیلات بود. تجزیه و تحلیل دیدگاه‌های مربیان در ارتباط با مشکلات آموزش بالین نشان داد: در ارتباط با مشکلات فردی، مشکل مربوط به « توجه ناکافی مسؤولان به سابقه کار مربی و تقلیل واحد کارآموزی »، در ارتباط با مشکلات مربوط به ایفای نقش « اطلاع ناکافی مسؤولان بخش‌ها از کیفیت ایفای نقش و اختیارات مربیان» و درارتباط با مشکلات مربوط به امکانات و تجهیزات « امکانات رفاهی ناکافی در بیمارستان برای مربیان » به عنوان اولویت اول معرفی شدند. در مجموع مشکلات مربوط به تسهیلات میانگین امتیاز بالاتری را نسبت به 4 بخش دیگر کسب کردند که بذل توجه به این بخش از مشکلات می‌تواند به ارتقای کیفیت آموزشی مربیان منجر گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Clinical Education Problems of Nursing Educators

نویسندگان [English]

  • lila torshizy 1
  • azam hosseinnezhad 2
  • tahereh gholipour 3
  • iman sharifikia 4
1 Master of Science in nursing, faculty of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc. in Community Health Nursing, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
4 MSc in Community Health Nursing, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Despite considerable progresses in medical and nursing education in the last decade, there are many problems in nursing education especially in clinical settings. To prevent the harmful effects, finding and solving those problems seems to be crucial. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the nursing educators’ problems. This study was done on 40 nursing educators who had more than 5-year educational experience in Tehran universities in 2015. A descriptive problem-solving oriented method was used. Moreover, tools included a demographic questionnaire and educators’ problems in 5 domains were comprised individual, role playing, structural, interactional, and facility related problems. The results of study showed that paying no attention to the educator experience and not decreasing their workload, insufficient knowledge of ward managers about educators roles and authorities, inequality of the course units with clinical training hours, inappropriate professional communication between physicians, nursing educators and students, and insufficient welfare facilities in hospitals were respectively the most important problems in each of the above-mentioned domains. According to the results, paying attention to this domain may improve the quality of education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nursing educators
  • problems
  • Clinical Education
  • Nursing Education

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