اثربخشی آموزش مهارت مطالعه (SQ4R) بر عزت نفس و خودکارآمدی تحصیلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحد زنجان ،زنجان ،ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحدزنجان ،زنجان ،ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی وروانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحدزنجان ،زنجان ،ایران.

4 عضوهیات علمی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی وروانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحدزنجان ،زنجان ،ایران.

چکیده

صفات شخصیتی افرادازعوامل متعددی تاثیرمی پذیرند.پژوهش حاضر باهدف تعیین اثربخشی آموزش مهارت‌ مطالعه (SQ4R) بر عزت نفس و خودکارآمدی تحصیلی انجام شد.پژوهش آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش راکلیه دانش آموزان پایه دوم متوسطه دوم شهرکرمانشاه درسال تحصیلی 97/96تشکیل می داد. در این پژوهش بااستفاده ازروش نمونه گیری تصادفی چند مرحله ای ابتدا از بین نواحی سه گانه کرمانشاه یک ناحیه به صورت تصادفی انتخاب و از بین آن ناحیه دو دبیرستان انتخاب گردید. و پرسشنامه‌های عزّت‌نفس کوپر اسمیت و خودکارآمدی میجلی روی کلیه دانش آموزان به عنوان پیش آزمون که به تعداد 294 نفر بودند اجرا گردید. پس از اجرای پرسشنامه ها، دانش‌آموزانی که نمره پائین در عزت‌نفس و خودکارآمدی کسب کردهبودند.به تعداد 30 نفر انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در سه گروه (دوآزمایش و یک گروه گواه) جایگزین شدند. پروتکل آموزشی مهارت مطالعه (SQ4R) طی 8 جلسه‌ی 45 دقیقه‌ای به دانش آموزان گروه های آزمایش ارائه و گروه گواه هیچ آموزشی دریافت نکردند. در پایان دوره، پس‌آزمون ازهر سه گروه به عمل آمد و داده‌ها با روش تحلیل کوواریانس موردتجزیه ‌و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته ها نشان داد آموزش مهارت مطالعه (SQ4R) موجب افزایش خودکارآمدی تحصیلی(P<0/001) وعزت‌نفس(P<0/001) دردانش آموزان می شود.وپیشنهادمی گردد معلمان و مشاوران مدارس، برای افزایش خودکارآمدیو عزت نفس دانش آموزان این مهارت را بکارگیرند و به دانش آموزان توصیه کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Study Skill Training (SQ4R) on Self Esteem, Self-Efficacy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aliashraf Nourmohammadi 1
  • Gholamhossein Entesarfoumani 2
  • Masoud hejazi 3
  • zekrollah morovati 4
1 Ph.D. Student of education psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Personality traits of individuals are influential in many factors.The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of studying study skill (SQ4R) on self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students.The research method was pre-test and post-test with control group and the statistical population of all second grade secondary school students in Kermanshah in academic year 2017/2018. A multi-stage random sampling method was used to select three randomly selected districts of Kermanshah and choose between two upper secondary schools and Copper Smith self-esteem questionnaires and Mijli self-efficacy was conducted on all 294 students pre-test. After completing the questionnaires, students who had a low score in self-esteem and self-efficacy. A total of 30 individuals were selected and randomly assigned into three groups of 15 (experimental and 1, 2 and 1 control groups). Study Skill Training Program (SQ4R) provided to students in experimental groups for 8 consecutive 45-minute sessions and the control group did not receive any training. At the end of 8 sessions, post-test was performed from each of the three groups and the data were analyzed by covariance analysis.The results showed that study instruction skills (SQ4R) increased their academic self-efficacy (P <0.001) and Self Esteem (P <0.001) in their students.Study skill (SQ4R) were effective in increasing self-efficacy and self-esteem among students, and it is recommended that teachers and school counselors use these methods to increase students' self-efficacy and self-esteem.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • study skill
  • (SQ4R)
  • self steem
  • self efficacy
  • Students
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