عنوان مقاله [English]
As a consequence of insufficient knowledge about the legal personality & necessity of informed consent receiving in special emergency cases, the rights of the patient may be ignored or the medical staff members in the interventions were accused of professional negligence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the necessity of receiving informed consent education from a legal point of view using Quantitative Method and qualitative approach using self-made questionnaire. In addition 208 medical students of Gilan Medical School and medical students present at Razi and Poursina Medical Centers, those completed the theoretical courses in medical law and medical ethics over the past 3 years responded to the questionnaire with satisfaction. Sampeling were conducted from September 2016 to May 2017. 22 missing response removed and finally 186 full responses were Analyzed. The results of chi square test of Pearson in three groups of male and female students in relation to legal personality of how receive informed consent were 5.895 (p <0.049) and 6.032 (p <0.019) respectively. The results of Chi Square Pearson test in three groups of male and female students regarding the need for informed consent receiving in emergency and non-emergency cases were 15.537 (p <0.02) and 15.755 (p <0.014) respectively. 59.68% of all students participating in this study did not have any awareness about legal personality of consent completers (p <0.05). The majority of male and female students (over 80%) considered to receiving consent only in non-emergency cases (p <0.05). The percentage of female and male students answered NO to both questions were significantly more than other responses ) 17.33 and p = 0.018( . Overall, the results indicated that medical students have low informed about legal personality of consent completers (p <0.05) and considered to receiving informed consent in non-emergency cases (p <0.05). It seems to be necessary to definition educational unit for receiving informed consent from Legal perspectives for medical students as well as nursing.