تحلیل الگوی برنامه درسی غیرمتمرکز در کشورهای منتخب به منظور ارائه الگوی پیشنهادی برای آموزش ابتدایی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه درسی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان) دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی ،گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

این تحقیق با هدف طراحی برنامه درسی غیرمتمرکز آموزش ابتدایی ایران انجام شده است.روش تحقیق کیفی از نوع تحلیل محتوا نظام مقوله بندی قیاسی می باشد. طراحی عناصر برنامه درسی استخراج شده بر اساس الگو گیری از عناصر برنامه درسی کلاین انجام شده با این تفاوت که کلاین عناصر برنامه درسی را به 9 عنصر تقسیم نموده  اما محقق از بین عناصر نه گانه کلاین،مبنای طراحی الگوی پیشنهادی خود را بر اساس 4 عنصر اصلی(اهداف-محتوا-روش های یاددهی و یادگیری-ارزشیابی) قرار داده است. حوزه ی پژوهش شامل کلیه کتب و منابع نوشته شده در حوزه ی برنامه درسی غیرمتمرکز بوده که با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند انتخاب شده اند.به دلیل کثرت و تنوع منابع چاپی و دیجیتال در دسترس محدوده ی سال های2000تا 2015 استفاده شده است.ابزار جمع آوری اطلاعات و داده ها فیش ها و جداول محقق ساخته است.برای روایی ابزار از نظرات اساتید راهنما و مشاور و صاحب نظران برنامه درسی استفاده شد.پس از اعلام نظرات ،تجدید نظر لازم انجام و چارچوب های نهایی تدوین شد.برای افزایش اعتبار؛در تهیه فیش ها حداکثر دقت مدنظر قرار گرفت.در بخش کیفی از 467 کدمفهوم استخراج شده،23 مولفه اصلی به دست آمد که در تدوین و ارائه ی مدل برنامه درسی غیرمتمرکز از آن ها استفاده شد..تحقیق حاضر به عنوان یک مدل برنامه درسی غیرمتمرکز آموزش ابتدایی ایران برای برنامه ریزان برنامه درسی و مسئولین که گام هایی برای تفویض اختیارات بیشتر به استان ها برداشته اند مفید و موثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Decentralized Curriculum Model in Selected Countries in Order to Provide a Model for Iran's Elementary Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohreh Saadatmand 1
  • Mohammad Yasin Dadkani 2
  • Jahanbakhash Rahmani 3
1 Associate professor in curriculum programming studies, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 1: Ph.D. candidate in Curriculum programming, Isfahan-Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
3 Assistant professor, faculty of educative science, Isfahan-Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was aimed at designing a decentralized primary education curriculum in Iran. The qualitative research method was a kind of content analysis of deductive categorical system. Designing the elements of the curriculum extracted based on the modeling of the Klein syllabus is performed, considering the difference that Kline divides the elements of the curriculum into nine elements, but the researcher, among the nine elements of Klein, proposed pattern design based on four elements; goals, content, training-learning methods and evaluation. The main objective of the study was to compile all the books and resources written in the field of decentralized curriculum that have been selected through targeted sampling. Due to the large number of the variety of printed and digital resources, only the available resources during  2000-2015 were used. The data and data collection tool were Researcher's workshops and tables made;  and tool validity was obtained by the views of the supervisors and consultants and the curriculum experts. After the comments were made, revisions were done and the final frameworks were finalized. In addition, to increase credit and reliability, it was carefully considered. In the qualitative section of 467 extracted commands, 23 main components were obtained and used in the formulation and presentation of a decentralized curriculum model. The present study was presented as a decentralized primary education curriculum model in Iran, moreover, to be considered as effective and useful model bycurriculum planners and the authorities taking steps to delegate more powers to the provinces

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Curriculum
  • Decentralized Curriculum
  • Curriculum Elements
  • Elementary Education
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