رابطه بین خلاقیت با سلامت روان و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران.

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه روانپزشکی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران.

چکیده

عالی‌ترین هدف آموزش در تمام سطوح تحصیلی، ایجاد توانایی خلاقیت در دانشجویان است و سلامت روانی دانشجویان، شرط اصلی بهره‌وری از نیروی کارآمد و تحصیل کرده است. مطالعه­ی حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه­ی خلاقیت با سلامت روان و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم انجام شد. در این پژوهش توصیفی همبستگی در سال 1394، نمونه‌ای شامل 303 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای نسبتی بر حسب جنسیت انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها از طریق پرسشنامه خلاقیت عابدی و سلامت روان GHQ-28 جمع­آوری شد. اطلاعات با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، آزمون t مستقل ورگرسیون چندگانه به شیوه همزمان مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که بین خلاقیت با سلامت روان (283/0- =r ؛  000/0 =p) رابطه­ی منفی و معناداری وجود داشت، یعنی با افزایش سطح سلامت روان (کاهش نمره در پرسشنامه سلامت روان)، خلاقیت نیز افزایش می‌یابد. بین خلاقیت با پیشرفت تحصیلی (025/0=r ؛ 741/0 =p) و سلامت روان با پیشرفت تحصیلی (150/0- =r ؛ 141/0 =p) رابطه معناداری وجود نداشت. نتایج آزمون t مستقل نشان داد که بین میانگین نمره­ی خلاقیت و سلامت روان دانشجویان دختر با دانشجویان پسر تفاوت معناداری وجود نداشت. اما بین عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان دختر با دانشجویان پسر تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت (001/0=p). در نهایت، نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد که تنها سلامت روان پیش‌بینی‌کننده مناسبی برای خلاقیت است. ارتقای سطح سلامت روان به بهبود فرایند خلاقیت دانشجویان منجر می‌گردد. در نتیجه، جهت حفظ و ارتقای سطح سلامت دانشجویان، تدارک برنامه‌های آموزشی و مشاوره‌ای، ضروری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Creativity with Mental Health and Academic Achievement in Students at Qom University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • zahra moslemi 1
  • Mahin Ghomi 2
  • Seyed Davood Mohammadi 3
1 M.Sc student, Educational Sciences & Psychology Department, Human Sciences Faculty, Arak University, Arak, Iran.
2 M.Sc student, Educational Sciences and Psychology Department, Educational Sciences & Psychology Faculty, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
چکیده [English]

The highest objective of education at all educational levels is to promote the creativity power in university students. Moreover, mental health of students is the main condition for efficient  employment and educated resources. The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationship between critical thinking skills and creativity with mental health and academic achievement in students at Qom University of Medical Sciences. This descriptive­-correlation study was conducted on 303 students in Qom University of Medical Sciences those were selected through stratified random sampling method with considering gender. Data were collected through two standard questionnaires on creativity,  Abedi and mental health questionnaire of GHQ-28. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics methods, Pearson correlation and independent t-test, and multiple regression analysis. The results of Pearson correlation test showed that there was significant negative relationship between creativity with mental health (P=0/000, r=-0/283). In the other word, with increasing mental health (decreasing the score in the mental health questionnaire), the creativity also increased. However, there was no a significant relationship between creativity with academic achievement (P=0/741, r=0/025) and mental health and academic achievement (P=0/141, r=-0/150). According to independent t-test results, there was no significant difference between male and female students’ average scores in creativity and mental health, whereas there was a significant difference between male and female students’ in academic achievement. Moreover, multiple regression analysis revealed that only mental health can predict creativity significantly. The increase the level of students' mental health, the improvement the creative process. Consequently, providing training and counseling are necessary to maintain and improve their level of health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • creativity
  • mental health
  • academic achievement
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