بررسی رابطه ی بین کیفیت خواب با استرس ، اضطراب و افسردگی در دانشجویان دانشکده علوم پزشکی شوشتر

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس پرستاری، دانشکده علوم پزشکی شوشتر، شوشتر، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

3 دکترای پرستاری، ، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت بیماریهای مزمن، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از انجام این مطالعه بررسی رابطه ی کیفیت خواب و استرس ، اضطراب و افسردگی در بین دانشجویان دانشکده علوم پزشکی شوشتر می باشد. این مطالعه از نوع توصیفی تحلیلی می باشدکه بر روی 193 نفر از530 دانشجوی دانشکده علوم پزشکی شوشتر که به صورت تصادفی سیستماتیک انتخاب شدند انجام شد برای این مطالعه از دو پرسشنامه استاندارد کیفیت خواب پیتسبورگ (PSQI)  و پرسشنامه افسردگی ، اضطراب، استرس (DASS-21) استفاده شد. همچنین داده ها به وسیله آزمون های کای اسکوئر و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون در برنامه آماری SPSS21 مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد از بین تمامی دانشجویان 8/78% از کیفیت خواب نامطلوب رنج می بردند. که 4/10% از افراد دچار استرس شدید، و 9/10% اضطراب شدید و 3/8%  افسردگی شدید داشتند. همچنین بین کیفیت خواب و استرس و اضطراب رابطه ی آماری معنی داری مشاهده شد.
( 05/0P<). بین کیفیت خواب و افسردگی ارتباط آماری معنی داری مشاهده نشد. (05/0P>). با توجه به درصد بالای کیفیت نامطلوب خواب و ارتباط معنا دار آن با استرس و اضطراب؛ باید یک برنامه ریزی صحیح در جهت بهبود وضعیت خواب دانشجویان و همچنین برنامه ریزی جهت رفع استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی و اجرای مداخلات روانشناختی جهت ارتقا و بهبود سلامت روان دانشجویان که در نهایت می تواند منجر به بهبود کیفیت خواب آنان شود، از سوی مسئولین دانشگاه ها در نظر گرفته شود

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Relationship between Sleep Quality and Stress, Anxiety and Depression among Students in the Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Arman Jafari 1
  • reza Heidari-soureshjani 2
  • kourosh Zarea 3
1 B.Sc. in Nursing,Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
2 B.Sc. student, Students Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
3 Ph.D in Nursing, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Disease, Nursing & Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep quality and stress, anxiety and depression among students in the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Shoushtar. This study was a descriptive and analytical research that 193 out of 530 students from systematic random sampling were selected.  Additionally, two questionnaires were utilized: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality (PSQI) questionnaire and (DASS-21) was used for depression, anxiety, stress, as well as data analysis was performed by chi-square and Pearson correlation coefficient in the statistical program SPSS21. Results showed afterwards that among all population 78.8% students suffered from poor sleep quality; 10.4% with severe stress, and 10.9% of severe anxiety and 8.3% had severe depression.  The results showed the relationship between sleep quality and stress was statistically significant (P<0.05). Moreover, no significant association was found between sleep quality and depression (P>0.05). Accordingly, due to the high percentage of poor sleep quality and significant relationship with stress and anxiety, improving sleep quality has a proper planning for students. It is also planned to eliminate stress, anxiety and depression and psychological intervention aimed at improving students' mental health, therefore, it can ultimately improve the quality of their sleep that should be considered by the university authorities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of sleep
  • Stress
  • depression
  • Anxiety
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