بررسی نقش برنامه درسی پنهان در انتقال مهارت‌های آموزش به مددجو در دانشجویان پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر سال1395

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری کودکان، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات طب گرمسیری و عفونی خلیج فارس، پژوهشکده علوم زیست پزشکی خلیج فارس، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

4 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران.

چکیده

توانمندی و بالندگی دانشجویان پرستاری و مامایی بخصوص در زمینه‌ی آموزش به مددجو کیفیت مراقبت‌های بالینی را افزایش می‌دهد. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی نقش برنامه درسی پنهان در انتقال مهارت‌های آموزش به مددجو در دانشجویان پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بوشهر انجام شد. در این مطالعه‌ی توصیفی تحلیلی، 269 نفر دانشجوی پرستاری و مامایی که حداقل سابقه‌ی یک ترم کارآموزی بالینی داشته، به روش تمام شماری شرکت کردند. ابزار مورد استفاده، پرسشنامه‌ی محقق ساخته‌ی روا و پایا، با سه حیطه: تعاملات، فرصت‌های آموزش و یادگیری و ارزشیابی بازاندیشانه بود. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم افزار آماری SPSS v18 در سطح معنی داری 05/. استفاده شد. از مجموع 269 نفر شرکت کننده در پژوهش، 201 نفر از دانشجویان دارای جنس زن با محدوده سنی 19_33 سال بودند. بیشترین میانگین نمره پاسخگویی دانشجویان، مربوط به حیطه‌ی تعاملات با میانگین نمره 40/4 بود. در بررسی ارتباط رشته تحصیلی با دیدگاه دانشجویان در نمره کل و حیطه ارزشیابی بازاندیشانه ارتباط معنادار آماری مشاهده شد(05/0 > p). بنابراین برنامه درسی پنهان به ویژه با تمرکز بر تعاملات می‌تواند به عنوان یک ابزار آموزشی در انتقال مهارت‌های آموزش به مددجو در دانشجویان پرستاری و مامایی در خدمت مدرسان، فراگیران و برنامه ریزان آموزشی جهت دستیابی به اهداف بالاتر تعلیم و تربیت قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Hidden Curriculum in Transferring Training Skills to assistant patient in Nursing and Midwifery Students at Bushehr University of Medical Sciences in 2016

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohreh Azadi 1
  • Maryam Ravanipour 2
  • Mohammadreza Yazdankhahfard 3
  • Niloofar Motamed 4
1 M.Sc. Nursing student, Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty; The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
4 Faculty member, Department of Community Medicine, Medicine Faculty, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

Empowerment and development of nursing and midwifery students’ talents especially in the field of patient education to patient assistant will increase the quality of clinical care. This study aimed to determine the role of hidden curriculum in transferring  the skills of patient education among nursing and midwifery students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. In this cross-sectional study, 269 nursing and midwifery students who had at least one clinical internship semester were participated by consensus sampling. We used a valid and reliable questionnaire with three domains: interaction, teaching and learning opportunities, and reflective evaluation. For data analysis, software SPSS V.18 statistical significant level 0.05 was used. Out of 269 students those participated in present study, there were 201 women between the ages of 19 to 33. The highest average score of the students  related to the interaction with the mean score was 4.40. In determining the relationship between level of education and students’ view, there was a significant correlation in total score and in reflective evaluation domain (p≤0.05). Therefore, hidden curriculum especially with the focus on interactions can be used as an educational tool in transferring teaching skills to nursing and midwifery students at the service of instructors, learners and educational planners in order to achieve higher education goals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • hidden curriculum
  • patient education
  • Nursing and midwifery students
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