ارتباط انگیزه پیشرفت با عملکرد تحصیلی در دانشجویان دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز در سال 94-1393

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه روان‌پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 پزشک عمومی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، اهواز، ایران

4 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

عملکرد تحصیلی افراد متأثر از عوامل مختلفی است که یکی از این عوامل، انگیزش پیشرفت می‌باشد. با توجه به اهمیت انگیزش پیشرفت در فرایند یاددهی-یادگیری، این تحقیق با هدف «بررسی ارتباط انگیزه پیشرفت با عملکرد تحصیلی در دانشجویان دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز در سال 94-1393»، انجام گرفت. مطالعه حاضر از نوع مقطعی و توصیفی-تحلیلی می‌باشد. نمونه مورد پژوهش شامل کلیه دانشجویان مشغول به تحصیل در دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی‌شاپور اهواز در سال تحصیلی 94- 1393 بود و ابزار گرد آوری داده‌ها، پرسشنامه انگیزش پیشرفت هرمنس بود. نتایج نشان داد که میانگین نمرات کسب شده‌ دانشجویان از سؤالات پرسشنامه انگیزش پیشرفت؛ 52/83 با انحراف معیار 52/6 بود. همچنین، ارتباط مستقیم و معناداری بین عملکرد تحصیلی و انگیزش پیشرفت وجود دارد (P < 0.001). اما بین انگیزش پیشرفت، سن و ترم تحصیلی، ارتباط معکوس و معناداری وجود داشت (P = 0.001). به علاوه، بین میانگین نمرات انگیزش پیشرفت دانشجویان در رشته پرستاری، مامایی و اتاق عمل، تفاوت آماری معناداری مشاهده شد (p < 0.001). به طور کلی یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان داد که انگیزش پیشرفت دانشجویان با عملکرد تحصیلی آنها در ارتباط می باشد. با توجه به اهمیت پیشرفت تحصیلی در نظام های آموزشی، و تأثیرپذیری آن از انگیزه افراد، تعیین میزان انگیزش پیشرفت و ارائه راهکارهایی جهت ارتقای آن، می‌تواند متضمن بهبود وضعیت تحصیلی فراگیران در یک نظام آموزشی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Achievement Motivation and Academic Performance in Nursing and Midwifery Students at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in 2014-2015

نویسندگان [English]

  • Malek Fereidooni-moghadam 1
  • Nafiseh Bavarsad 2
  • Romina Rezaie 3
  • Bahman Cheraghian 4
1 Assistant professor, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 MD, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 MSc students, Department of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Assistant professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Academic performance is influenced by many factors that one of these factors is achievement motivation. Given the importance of achievement motivation in the teaching-learning process, this study aimed to assess "the relationship between achievement motivation and academic performance in nursing and midwifery students studying in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in 2014-2015”. This was a descriptive-analytic and cross sectional study. The study samples consisted of all students studying in the School of Nursing and Midwifery of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in the year 2015-2016 and, data collection instrument was Hermens Academic Performance questionnaire. Afterwards, results showed that; the mean and standard deviation of students score achieved from the Achievement Motivation Questionnaire were 83.52 and 6.52 respectively. In addition, there was significant correlation between academic performance and achievement motivation (P<0.001). However, there was a significant negative correlation between the achievement motivation, age and educational terms (P<0.001). In addition, the difference in mean scores of achievement motivation of students in the study, was statistically significant (p <0.001). Generally, the findings of this study showed that achievement motivation was associated with academic performance of students. Given the importance of academic achievement in the educational system, and those affected by people motivation, identifying the achievement motivation and offering approaches to improve it, can guarantee improvement of student in an educational system.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Achievement motivation
  • Academic performance
  • academic achievement
  • Nursing and midwifery students

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