رابطه بین هوش معنوی با میزان اضطراب و کیفیت زندگی دانشجویان غیر بومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران رابطه هوش معنوی با میزان اضطراب و کیفیت زندگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده علوم پزشکی آبادان، آبادان، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری، گرایش داخلی-جراحی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 عضو هیات علمی، گروه عفونی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپوراهواز، اهواز، ایران.

5 عضو هیات علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده علوم پزشکی اسدآباد، اسدآباد، ایران.

6 عضو مرکز تحقیقات توسعه بالینی، مرکز آموزشی درمانی رازی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپوراهواز، اهواز، ایران.

7 عضو هیات علمی، گروه معارف، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

دانشجویان در طی تحصیل با استرس های گوناگون روبرو هستند بخصوص دانشجویانی که دور از خانواده به تحصیل مشغولند. در برخی موارد منبع ذاتی که ممکن است به آنها کمک کند معنویت است. هدف از این پژوهش یافتن تأثیر معنویت و تقویت هوش معنوی فرد در کاهش اضطراب های موجود و نیز کیفیت زندگی بالاتر می باشد. در این پژوهش که از نوع توصیفی همبستگی بود. جامعه مورد مطالعه 400 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران بودند که بصورت سهمیه ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار گرد آوری داده ها در این پژوهش شامل سه پرسشنامه بود که پرسشنامه اول خودسنجی هوش معنوی کینگ که 24 گویه بوده، پرسشنامه دوم اضطراب آشکار و پنهان اشپیل برگر که 40 گویه بوده و پرسشنامه سوم کیفیت زندگی SF-36 که 36 گویه طراحی شده می باشد. اعتبار پرسشنامه هوش معنوی از طریق آلفای کرونباخ برابر 92/0 ارزیابی شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که هوش معنوی با اضطراب آشکار (001/0p< و312/0-r= )، با اضطراب پنهان (001/0p< و254/0-r= ) و با کیفیت زندگی دانشجویان (001/0p< و234/0r= ) همبستگی دارد. همچنین بین مؤلفه های هوش معنوی شامل تفکر انتقادی وجودی (001/0p< و223/0r=)، تولید معنای شخصی (001/0p< و269/0r=)، بسط حالت هوشیاری (001/0p< و168/0r=) و آگاهی متعالی(001/0p< و208/0r= ) با کیفیت زندگی همبستگی وجود دارد. هوش معنوی با اضطراب ( پنهان و آشکار ) و همچنین با کیفیت زندگی دانشجویان همبستگی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence with Anxiety and Life Quality of Students at Tehran Medical Sciences Branch of Islamic Azad University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammd Javad Mohammadi 1
  • Mohammd Sahebalzamani 2
  • Fatemeh Serajian 3
  • Ali Akbar Aghaineghad 3
  • Seyed Mohammad Alavi 4
  • Sahar Geravandi 5
  • Maryam Masoudzadegan 6
  • Ali Mohammadi Veldani 7
1 Faculty member, Environmental Health Engineering department, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Nursing Department, Islamic Azad University-Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 M.Sc. Student in Nursing, Nursing Department, Islamic Azad University- Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran.
4 Faculty member, Infectious department, Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
5 Faculty member, nursing department, Asadabad School of Medical Sciences, Asadabad, Iran.
6 Razi Teaching Hospital, Clinical Research Development Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
7 Faculty member,Religious Department, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Students confront with different & various anxiety during their education period, especially those are far from their families. In some cases the natural source which can help them is spirituality since it gives meaning and purpose to their life. The present studywas a cohesive-descriptive research which 400 students of Tehran Islamic Azad Medical University were selected by quota system. The data collection instruments were three questionnaire; spiritual intelligence by King included 24 items, anxiety (apparent& secret) questionnaire by Eshpil Berger included 40 items, and 3rd questionnaire was quality of lifeSF-36. Then the validity of spiritual intelligence questionnaire was estimated by 0/92. For statistical analysis, Pearson correlation coefficients and step by step regression model were used. After data analysis,the results showed that spiritual intelligence had a relationship with apparent anxiety (r= -0/312, p<0/001), secret anxiety(r=-0/254, p<0/001) & with student life quality(r=234, p<0/001). Moreover, there was a relationship among components of spiritual intelligence such as existential critical thinking(r=0/223, p<0/001), personal meaning production(r=0/269, p<0/001), elaboration of conscious state (r=0/168, p<0/001) & transcendental consciousness(r=0/208, p<0/001) with life quality. Further, there was a negative relationship among existential critical thinking(r=0/297, p<0/001), personal meaning production(r=0/362, p<0/001), elaboration of conscious state (r=-0/222 p<0/001) & transcendental consciousness(r=-0/279, p<0/001) with apparent anxiety. There was a negative relationship among existential critical thinking(r=0/232, p<0/001), personal meaning production(r=0/341, p<0/001), elaboration of conscious state (r=-0/143 p<0/004) & transcendental consciousness(r=-0/230, p<0/001) with secret anxiety, in addition, spiritual intelligence had a relationship with anxiety (apparent& secret) & also with student life quality.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Spiritual intelligence
  • Life quality
  • Anxiety
  • Students
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