بررسی و مقایسه تأثیر عامل آموزش ، پژوهش، انگیزه، ظرفیت ونگرش بر کار آفرینی دانشجویان

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت آموزشی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، رودهن، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، رودهن، ایران.

چکیده

نظام آموزشی ما باید به این سو هدایت شود که افرادی که فارغ التحصیل می شوند ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی را داشته باشند، این امر مستلزم برنامه‌ریزی و هدایت فعالیت‌های آموزشی و پژوهشی مراکز آموزش عالی به سمت کارآفرینی است برنامه ریزی درسی در دانشگاه‌ها بایستی از یک طرف مبتنی بر آخرین تحولات علمی در رشته‌های مربوطه و از سوی دیگر متناسب با نیاز واحدهای صنعتی باشند. این تحقیق از منظرشناسایی ماهیت و روش در زمره تحقیقات توصیفی و بر مبنای هدف کاربردی است. جامعه آماری 7853 نفر از دانشجویان بودند، که با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری متناسب با حجم تعداد 384 نفر از طریق جدول مورگان انتخاب شدند ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌های تحقیق پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود که روایی آن توسط اساتید کارآفرینی تأیید شد و برای پایایی آن ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده گردید (971%) که بیانگر مناسب بودن ابزار تحقیق بود برای مقایسه تأثیرگذاری متغیرها از تکنیک مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری با کاربرد نرم افزار لیزرل، آزمون t تک نمونه ای و آزمون فرید من استفاده گردید برازش مدل از طریق شاخصهای برازندگی مورد برازش قرار گرفت در نتیجه تمامی متغیر های تحقیق با بار عاملی بالای 30 و آزمون t بالاتر از 96/1 مورد تأیید و تأثیر مثبتی بر کارآفرینی دانشجویان دارند در مقایسهt تک نمونه ای و آزمون فرید من عامل انگیزش و در معادلات ساختاری عامل نگرش با بار عاملی64. دارای بیشترین تأثیر برکارآفرینی دانشجویان می باشد وبالاترین رتبه را دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating and Comparing the Effect of Education, Research, Motivation, Capacity and Attitude on the Entrepreneurship of Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mardan Rafiee Lavoli 1
  • Mohammad Naghi Imani 2
  • Fatah Nazem 2
1 PhD Student, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Rooden, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Rooden, Iran
چکیده [English]

Our education system should be directed to the side that people who are graduating Have the characteristics of entrepreneurship This requires planning and directing the activities of teaching and research universities and higher education institutions towards entrepreneurship On the one hand curricula in universities should be based on the latest scientific developments in the relevant fields and on the other hand are tailored to the needs of industrial. this research in terms of identifying the nature and as a descriptive study based on the purpose of application and the study population included 7853 students of technical colleges using stratified sampling, 384 were selected through Morgan table research tool was questionnaire and its validity was confirmed by professors of entrepreneurship and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used for reliability (971%) which represents the tool of study to compare efficacy variables of structural equation modeling techniques using one-sample t test LISREL software. Friedman test was used model was fitted through the fitness indexes as a result of all study variables with high loading of 30 and higher than 96.1 t test approved and a positive impact on students' entrepreneurship and thus comparable single-sample t test and Motivation operating and Friedman test and structural equation Attitude load factor of 64 have the greatest impact and highest ranking student's entrepreneurship.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Education
  • Research
  • Attitude
  • Motivation
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