اثربخشی آموزش مهارتهای اجتماعی بر مولفه های چهارگانه سرمایه روانشناخت (تاب آوری، امید، خوش بینی، خودکارآمدی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران

2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مهارت های اجتماعی بر مؤلفه‌های چهارگانه (امیدواری، خوش بینی، تاب آوری، خودکارآمدی) سرمایه روان شناختی دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستانی بود. پژوهش حاضر با روش آزمایشی از نوع طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام شد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستانی منطقه ۴شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی ۹۵-۱۳۹۴ تشکیل می دادند که از بین آنها ۴۲ دانش آموز از ۲ دبیرستان به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی خوشه ای مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و به روش تصادفی در ۲ گروه (کنترل و آزمایش) ۲۱ نفری قرار گرفتند. داده های پژوهش به وسیلۀ پرسشنامه ی سرمایه روان شناختی لوتانز (۲۰۰۷) گردآوری شد. نسبت خی دو این آزمون برابر با 6/24 است. گروه آزمایشی در ۱۰ جلسه تحت آموزش مهارت های اجتماعی قرار گرفته و در طی این جلسات به گروه کنترل هیچ نوع آموزشی داده نشد. داده‌های جمع آوری شده با کمک آمار توصیفی و تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیری تحلیل شد. یافته ها نشان داد میانگین گروه کنترل و آزمایش در پیش آزمون تفاوت چندانی ندارد، اما در پس آزمون، میانگین گروه آزمایش از گروه کنترل بیشتر بود و نشان می دهد آموزش مهارت‌های اجتماعی بر مؤلفه‌های چهارگانه سرمایه روان شناختی دانش آموزان اثر مثبت و معناداری دارد (p

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training on Fourth Dimensional Components of Capital Psychology (Resilience, Hope, Optimism and Self-efficacy) High School Girl Studentsstudents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrnoush Abbassian Fard 1
  • Alireza Kayamanesh
  • Hadi Bahrami 1
  • Fariborz Dortaj 2
1 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. in Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Purpose: investigate the effectiveness of social skills training on the four components (hope, optimism, resilience, & self-efficacy) of psychological capital among high school female students.Method: The experimental design was a pretest-posttest design with control group. The statistical population was all female high school students in district 4 of Tehran during the academic year of 2014-2015, among them 42 students from 2 high schools were selected by random cluster sampling and randomly assigned to two groups (control and experiment) of 21 people. Data were collected by Lutan's Psychological Capital Questionnaire (2007). The ratio X² of this test is 4/6. The experimental group was trained in 10 sessions of social skills training and during these sessions, no training was given to the control group.Results: The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and one-variable covariance analysis and the mean of the control and experimental group in the pretest was not significantly different.But In the post-test, the mean of the experimental group was greater than the control group, and shows that social skills training has a positive and significant effect on the four components of students' psychological capital. (p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological capital
  • Social Skills Training
  • Female High School Students
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