ارزیابی مهارت‌های ارتباطی بین فردی و عوامل مرتبط باآن دردانشجویان دانشکده ی پیراپزشکی کرمانشاه درسال 1393

نویسندگان

1 عضو کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه رادیولوژی و پزشکی هسته ای، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

چکیده

مهارت‌های ارتباطی رفتارهایی یاری دهنده به منظور بیان نیازمندی‌ها و رسیدن به اهداف در روابط میان افراد می‌باشند. درعلوم پزشکی هدف از برقراری ارتباط آموزش، حمایت و یا درمان بیماران می باشد. لذا با توجه به جایگاه ویژه این مهارت ها در روابط بین بیمار و کادر درمان،این مطالعه با هدف بررسی مهارت‌های ارتباطی بین فردی و عوامل مرتبط با آن در دانشجویان دانشکده ی پیراپزشکی کرمانشاه درسال 1393 انجام گردید. در این پژوهش توصیفی- مقطعی، تعداد196نفرازدانشجویان دانشکده ی پیراپزشکی با روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه ای وارد مطالعه شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه ی مهارت‌های ارتباطی بین فردی که روایی محتوایی و پایایی آن مورد تأییدب ود، استفاده گردید. سپس تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از بسته ی آماری SPSSنسخه 20 و آزمون های تی مستقل وکروسکالوالیس صورت گرفت. میانگین نمره ی مهارت های ارتباطی دانشجویان 6/14±42/111 بود. میانگین نمره ی دانشجویان پسر و دختر به ترتیب 38/13±78/112 و 64/11±32/114 بود، که اختلاف معنادرای بین آنها یافت نشد (P=0/45). اما بین میانگین نمره ی دانشجویان با رشته تحصیلی ارتباط معناداری یافت شد (P=0/01). یافته های پژوهش حاضر نشان داد که، رشته تحصیلی دانشجویان از عوامل مؤثر برسطح مهارت‌های ارتباطی بین فردی دانشجویان دانشکده‌ی پیراپزشکی می‌باشد. از طرفی سطح توانمندی‌های دانشجویان این دانشکده، در زمینه مهارت‌های برقراری ارتباط درسطح متوسطی قرار داشت، لذا برگزاری دوره های آموزشی ویژه در جهت بهبود مهارت های ارتباطی باید مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Interpersonal Communication Skills and Associated Factors among Students atParamedical FacultyofKermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2015.

نویسندگان [English]

  • hosna noori tahneh 1
  • Maziar Jalalvandi 1
  • Mohammad Rasool Tohidnia 2
  • Ali Nemati Kivenani 1
  • Peyman Amirian 1
1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Faculty member, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Paramedicine School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Communication skillsare helping behaviorsin relations between people for the needs expressionand the goals acheivment. The purposes of communication in medical sciences are education, support, or treatment concerning patients. Due to special status of these skills in the relationship between patient and medical staff, this study were performed to evaluate the interpersonal communication skills and related factors among students atKermanshah Faculty of Paramedical Sciences in 2015.In this cross-sectional study, 196 paramedical sciences students were studied by stratified sampling method. The research involved collecting data from a questionnaire on interpersonal communication skills that its validity and reliability was confirmed. The collected data were then analyzed by SPSS version 20, independent t-test, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Afterwards, the mean score of the students’ communication skills was estimated 111.42 ±14.6;the boys and girls’ mean score was 112.78 ±13.38 and 114.32 ± 11.64, respectively, that significant difference was not observed (P = 0/45). But a significant correlation was found between mean scores of students with the field of study (P = 0/01). Therefore, the results showed that the students’ field of study was one of the factors that affected the level of interpersonal and communication skills of Paramedical Sciences Students. On the other hand, these students’ capabilities in communicating skills were moderate, hence holding special training courses to improve communication skills should be considered.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Communication skills
  • interpersonal communication
  • Students
  • Paramedics
  • Kermanshah
  • critical thinking skills
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