عوامل مؤثر بر انتخاب و رضایت مندی از ادامه ی تحصیل در رشته ی داروسازی در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی، گروه ایمنی شناسی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه فارماسیوتیکس، دانشکده ی داروسازی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر انتخاب رشته ی تحصیلی می تواند گام مهمی در جهت فراهم نمودن زمینه ی رشد و موفقیت دانشجویان باشد. مطالعه ی حاضر با هدف تعیین عوامل مؤثر بر انتخاب رشته ی داروسازی و رضایت مندی تحصیلی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز انجام شد. این پژوهش یک مطالعه ی توصیفی مقطعی بود که در نیمسال دوم تحصیلی 1392 روی کلیه ی دانشجویان دانشکده ی داروسازی(247 نفر) انجام گرفت. ابزار گردآوری داده ها پرسشنامه ای بود که بعد از تعیین روایی و پایایی مورد استفاده قرارگرفت. داده ها با استفاده از آمار توصیفی و استفاده از آزمون t ، ANOVA و همبستگی اسپیرمن تحلیل شد. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد مهم‌ترین عوامل مؤثر در انتخاب رشته-ی داروسازی " میزان درآمد و آینده ی مناسب شغلی" و "توانایی علمی و استعداد فردی" به ترتیب با میانگین 19/4 و 08/4 ؛ و کم اهمیت ترین عوامل " تشویق دوستان و آشنایان" و "موقعیت اجتماعی" به ترتیب با میانگین 33/3 و 73/3 بودند. دانشجویان با میانگین 06/4 در پاسخ به این سؤال که "در صورت شرکت مجدد در کنکور، دوباره این رشته را انتخاب می کنید علاقه مندی و رضایت خود را از تحصیل در رشته ی داروسازی اعلام نموده بودند. نتایج مطالعه حاکی از آن بود که عوامل اقتصادی و بازار کار بیشترین تأثیر را بر انتخاب رشته ی داروسازی در دانشجویان مورد بررسی داشت. این نوع گرایش به رشته ی داروسازی می تواند تأثیرات منفی بر آینده ی شغلی فارغ التحصیلان داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Influencing on the choice and Satisfaction of Continuing Education among Pharmacy Students at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolhussein Shakurnia 1
  • Masoud Ali Karami 2
1 Faculty Member, Department of Immunology, School of medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Faculty Member, Department of Pharmaceutics, Pharmacy Faculty, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Identification of factors affecting the selection Pharmacy field can provide an important step in development and success of students. The present study aimed to determine what factors affect attitude of Pharmacy students at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences and their academic satisfaction. This cross-sectional study was planned to undertake a research on all students in pharmacy school at first semester in 1392, a total 247 students). First data were collected using a validity-and-reliability-approved questionnaire and then analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests such as independent t test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. Based on the mean scores obtained, factors such as “the rate of income and job security” and “Individual talent and ability” were considered as the main reasons for applying in pharmacy field, 4.19 and 4.08 respectively; and “urging by friends and relatives” and “social situation” were the least important factors by means of 3.33 and 3.73, respectively. Students with an average of 4.06 answered with a positive attitude to the question "Would you select the field of pharmacy if you take the exam again?" related to their interest and satisfaction. The results of the study suggest that the “business and economic conditions” can be the most affecting factors on the choice of academic field from Pharmacy students’ viewpoints, by contrast, such tendency in Pharmacy students could have negative consequences for graduates in future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Application Pharmacy
  • Pharmacy Students
  • educational satisfaction
  • job security
  • Ahvaz
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