عوامل مؤثر بر موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی پرستاری، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، مرکز تحقیقات پرستاری تروما، دانشکده ی پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

چکیده

موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان، یکی از مهمترین اهداف و نیز از نگرانی های مسؤولان آموزشی دانشگاه ها، دانشجویان و خانواده های آنهاست و تحت تأثیر عوامل متعددی قرار دارد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان پرستاری و مامایی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان و عوامل مؤثر بر آن، در سال 1394 بود. این مطالعه ی توصیفی- مقطعی، بر روی 244 نفر از دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی پرستاری و مامایی که به شیوه ی تصادفی طبقه ای از بین 300 دانشجو انتخاب شدند، انجام شد. حجم نمونه پس از یک مطالعه ی پایلوت محاسبه شد. جهت سنجش موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان از پرسشنامه ی 50 گویه ای ویژه ی سنجش موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان (ASICS) استفاده شد. پس از ترجمه ی پرسشنامه، روایی محتوایی آن توسط 8 نفر از اعضای هیأت علمی تأیید شد و CVI کل ابزار 83/0 و همچنین، CVR گویه ها در محدوده 80/0 تا 1 و نیز ضریب پایایی کل آن به روش آلفای کرونباخ، معادل82/0 محاسبه شد. تحلیل یافته‌ها با استفاده از روش‌های آمار توصیفی، استنباطی (ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، من ویتنی و کروسکال والیس) و آزمون کولموگراف-اسمیرنوف به منظور بررسی نرمالیتی داد‌ها انجام شد. بین میانگین نمرات موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان مامایی با بومی بودن (006/0 p=) و وضعیت مسکن (047/0p=) رابطه‌ی مثبت معناداری مشاهده شد. ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن نیز ارتباط معناداری را بین میانگین نمرات موفقیت تحصیلی با معدل ترم و معدل کل دانشجویان دو رشته نشان داد. نتیجه این که در مطالعه‌ی حاضر، میانگین نمرات موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان بومی رشته‌ی مامایی و نیز دانشجویان خوابگاهی، بهتر از گروه های دیگر بود. با توجه به نقش بومی بودن در موفقیت دانشجویان، پیشنهاد می شود به پذیرش بومی دانشجویان بیشتر توجه شود. همچنین پیشنهاد می شود که مطالعات مشابهی با حجم نمونه ی بیشتر و به صورت چند مرکزی انجام شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Factors on Academic Success of Nursing and Midwifery Students at Kashan University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Ghadirzadeh 1
  • Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery 2
1 Nursing Student, Students Research Committee, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2 Faculty member, Trauma Nursing research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Academic success of college students is one of the main aims and major concerns of the university authorities, students and their families that it is influenced by many factors. This study aimed to investigate the academic success of nursing and midwifery students and effective factors at Kashan University of Medical Sciences in 2015. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 244 undergraduate nursing and midwifery students who were selected randomly among a total of 300 students. Firstly, the sample size was calculated after a pilot study. To measure the academic success, the Academic Success Inventory for College Students (ASICS) was used. After translation of the questionnaire, 8 faculty members confirmed its content validity. The overall CVI calculated as 0.83; the CVR of the items ranged between 0.80 and 1; and the Cronbach's alpha was also calculated as 0.82. Moreover, data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics including Pearson correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis, and also Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was executed to verify the data normality. Subsequently, a significant relationship was observed between the mean score of academic success of midwifery students and being native (p = 0.006) and housing conditions (p = 0.047). Spearman correlation coefficient also showed a significant relationship between nursing and midwifery students’ academic success scores and the overall GPA, and the students’ average in the last semester. In conclusion, the present study showed that the mean scores of the academic success was higher in native midwifery students as well as the nursing and midwifery students living in dormitories rather other groups. Considering the result of study, further studies with greater sample size are suggested to be conducted in other nursing schools to investigate the effect of other factors such as the number of courses and units possessed and passed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic success
  • factors
  • Nursing & Midwifery Student
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