تعیین عوامل مرتبط با انگیزة ادامه تحصیل در دانشجویان دانشکدة بهداشت دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شاهرود

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه بهداشت عمومی، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت محیط و کار، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه بهداشت عمومی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه پرستاری، دانشکدة پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران.

4 دانش آموخته رشتة علوم آزمایشگاهی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سمنان، سمنان، ایران.

5 دبیر دبیرستانهای شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، یک مطالعۀ توصیفی- مقطعی است و به منظور تعیین عوامل مرتبط با انگیزۀ ادامه تحصیل دانشجویان رشته‌های بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شاهرود در سال 1393 صورت گرفته است. جامعۀ مورد مطالعه، کلیه دانشجویان دانشکدۀ بهداشت بودند. پرسش نامۀ پژوهش (مشتمل بر 43 سؤال در زمینۀ عوامل فردی، خانوادگی، اقتصادی و عوامل اجتماعی) توسط 279 نفر تکمیل گردید. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS19 صورت پذیرفت. بر اساس یافته های پژوهش، 6/75 ،4/72و 4/68 درصد از دانشجویان مهندسی حرفه ای، محیط و عمومی، به ترتیب توان خود را برای رسیدن به مدارج علمی بالاتر، مثبت ارزیابی نموده بودند. از دیدگاه اکثریت دانشجویان مهندسی محیط، افزایش مهارت های عملی (8/82%) و علاقۀ خانواده برای ادامه تحصیل دانشجو (2/61 درصد) و از دیدگاه اکثریت دانشجویان حرفه ای، استفاده از تمام امکانات موجود برای ادامه تحصیل (8/71%) و در دانشجویان عمومی (5/76%) افزایش سطح علمی و آگاهی به عنوان عوامل تقویت کنندۀ انگیزۀ ادامه تحصیل در مقطع کارشناسی ارشد بوده است. همچنین از دیدگاه اکثریت دانشجویان عمومی و حرفه ای، عامل تمایل به ادامه تحصیل در سایر رشته ها، و در گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط نداشتن برنامه ریزی مناسب از طرف دانشجو به عنوان عامل بازدارندۀ انگیزۀ ادامه تحصیل در مقطع بالاتر ذکر شده است. از آنجایی که، عوامل فردی و خانوادگی در انگیزۀ ادامه تحصیل از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار است، لذا، تقویت برنامه های آموزشی، ارایه مشاوره و حمایت از دانشجویان در توجیه رشتۀ تحصیلی و آیندۀ شغلی می تواند نقش مفید و مؤثری در تقویت انگیزۀ آنها در ادامه تحصیل داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Relating to Incentive of Continuing Postgraduate Degrees Among Undergraduate Students in Health Faculty at Shahroud University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Khosravi 1
  • Mehri Delvarianzadeh 2
  • Hossein Bagheri 3
  • Aisa Bahar 4
  • Rahim Bahar Gogani 5
1 Facullty member , Public Health department, Occupational and Environmental Health Research Center, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
2 Facullty member, Public Health department, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
3 Faculty Member, Nurse department, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
4 BS in Laboratory Sciences, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical sciences, Semnan, Iran.
5 High school teacher in shahroud
چکیده [English]

The present research was a cross- sectional study and aimed to determine the factors associated with motivation for continuing education among health science students, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences in 2014. The study population was all faculty students of Public Health department. Questionnaires including 43 questions on individual, family, economic and social factors were completed by 279 people; then data analysis was performed using SPSS19 software. Based on findings, 75.6%, 72.4% and 68.4% of occupational, environmental and public health students respectively stated the positive motivation regarding to achieve higher academic degrees. From the perspective of the majority of environmental health students, development of practical skills (82.8%) and family desire for student’ further education (62.2%); from the perspective of the majority of occupational students, the use of all the facilities for further education (71.8%); and in opinion of public health students, increased knowledge and awareness(76.5%) and family desire for student’ further education (71.8%); and finaly from the perspective of the majority of occupational and public health students, the wish to study in other fields was noted as motivational reinforcement factor of higher education. To this end, from the perspective of the majority of environmental health students, lack of proper planning was mentioned as barrier for motivation of higher education. according to this results, it was showed that individual and family factors were more important factors in motivation of higher education. Therefore, Strengthen training programs, counseling and support in justifying the students’ education and future career can be useful and plays an effective role in strengthening their attitudes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motivation
  • Higher education
  • Students
  • Health
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