مقایسه ی شاخص کیفیت خواب و خرده مقیاس های (تأخیر در به خواب رفتن، طول مدت خواب و خواب مفید) در بین دانشجویان دارای وضعیت تحصیلی خوب، متوسط و مشروط

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، مرکز تحقیقات آموزش علوم پزشکی، اداره ی مشاوره ی دانشجویی، معاونت دانشجویی فرهنگی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، اداره ی مشاوره ی دانشجویی، معاونت دانشجویی فرهنگی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، اداره ی مشاوره ی دانشجویی، معاونت دانشجویی فرهنگی ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

4 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه روانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

مشکلات مرتبط با خواب به عنوان یک موضوع سلامت عمومی به خصوص در بین دانشجویان دانشگاه ناشناخته می ماند. هدف این تحقیق بررسی وضعیت کیفیت خواب و مقایسه ی آن در بین دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز بود. این پژوهش یک مطالعه ی توصیفی است که به روش علی مقایسه ای انجام شده است. آزمودنی های پژوهش شامل 168 دانشجو (71 نفر با وضعیت تحصیلی خوب، 81 نفر با وضعیت تحصیلی متوسط و 16 نفر با وضعیت تحصیلی مشروط) شاغل به تحصیل در مقاطع تحصیلی کارشناسی و دکترای حرفه ای عمومی دوره ی روزانه در نیم سال تحصیلی دوم 90- 89 بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسش نامه ی 18 آیتمی کیفیت خواب پتزبورگ (1989) و فرم اطلاعات جمعیت شناختی بود. داده ها توسط آزمون های کروسکال-والیس و تحلیل واریانس تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. شیوع کیفیت خواب ضعیف 1/57 درصد در مقایسه با 9/42 درصد نمونه که کیفیت خواب خوب داشتند. میانگین کل نمرات دانشجویان در شاخص کیفیت خواب (11/3±15/6) که بالاتر از دامنه به هنجار می باشد. در مقایسه ی گروه ها در "شاخص کیفیت خواب" و خرده مقیاس "خواب مفید" تفاوت ها معنادار ولی در "تأخیر در به خواب رفتن و طول مدت خواب" تفاوت ها معنادار نبود. بیش از نیمی از دانشجویان کیفیت خواب ضعیفی داشتند و رابطه ی کیفیت خواب با عملکرد تحصیلی معناداری بود. می تواند در کنار مهارت های زندگی اهمیت کیفیت و کمیت خواب در فرایند یادگیری و تحصیل را نیز به دانشجویان آموزش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Sleep Quality Index and Subscales (Sleep Latency , Sleep Duration and Sleep Efficacy) among Students at Good , Average and Limited Academic Performance at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yousef Khonya 1
  • Nasrin Karimi 2
  • Mohammad bagher Raofi 3
  • Arash Mohagheghi 4
1 M.A. in Student-Counselling Psychology, Educational Research Center of Medical Sciences, Student Counseling Office, Student of Vice_ Chancellor, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Student Counselling Office, Student of Vice_ Chancellor, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3 M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Student Counselling Office, Student of Vice_ Chancellor, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4 Faculty member, M.D. in Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Sleep-related problems remain largely an unidentified public health issue, especially among university students. The aim of this study was to appraise sleep quality among students at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Also it was to compare the sleep quality index and subscales sleep quality with the different level of academic performance of students. This descriptive study was done through causal –cluster comparative method. The research population was all students from different fields of medical sciences from 2007 to 2010; they were studying at Bachelor degree and professional doctorate level and at second semester in 2010-2011.. Accordingly, 168 students were selected through Randomized Stratified Sampling method. Data collection tools included (PSQI) and demographic questionnaires; afterwards, data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVAs methods. Prevalence of poor sleep quality was calculated %57/1 in comparison to normal sleep quality (%42/9). Students' average scores were 6/15 (PSQI), and it was more than normal range. In addition, there was a significant difference between sleep quality index and subscale “sleep efficacy"; while there was not observed any difference between “sleep latency and sleep duration”. The results showed the majority of students at Tabriz University of medical sciences were at poor sleep quality and there also observed a considerable relationship between sleep quality index and students’ academic performance. The present investigation provided an applicable suggestion that the importance of sleep quality and quantity effectiveness on education should be considered and mainly be taught as well as life skills (as a component of life styles) to students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sleep Quality
  • Student
  • Tabriz Univ.of Med. Sci
  • life skills

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