بررسی ادراک دانشجویان پرستاری از محیط آموزشی یادگیری بااستفاده از مدل DREEM در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مشهد

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای آموزش پزشکی، دانشکده ی آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه داخلی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه مغز و اعصاب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

4 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه جراحی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آموزش پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مشهد، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش پزشکی، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

یکی از عوامل تأثیرگذار در فرآیند یاددهی و یادگیری، محیط یادگیری است که عامل تعیین کننده در انگیزه‌ی دانشجویان در یادگیری است و رفتارهای منتج به یادگیری بهتر را تقویت می کند. در این پژوهش توصیفی مقطعی ادراک 136 دانشجوی پرستاری از محیط آموزشی خود در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مشهد که به طور تصادفی انتخاب شده بودند، با استفاده از پرسش نامه ی استاندارد DREEM اندازه گیری شد. داده‌های پرسش نامه با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS (20) و آمار توصیفی و آزمون T-TEST تجزیه و تحلیل شد. میانگین نمره ی کلی محیط آموزشی پرستاری 23.39±107.05 از حداکثر نمره 200 بود که به معنی وجود جنبه های مثبت بیش از جنبه های منفی در محیط است. کمترین میانگین نمره ی مربوط به حیطه ی ادراک دانشجویان از یادگیری (8/7±23.85از 48 نمره) و ادراک از اساتید (4/6±6/22 از 44 نمره) می باشد. میانگین نمره ی کلی در دانشجویان دختر و پسر و نیز در مرحله ی پیش بالینی و آموزش بالینی تفاوت معناداری داشت. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که ادراک دانشجویان پرستاری از محیط آموزشی در حد متوسط است و زمینه های زیادی برای بهبود و ارتقای سیستم آموزشی و به کارگیری استراتژی های نوین آموزشی و دانشجو محوری وجود دارد که بایستی در بازنگری برنامه های آموزشی لحاظ شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Appraise of Students' Perception of Educational-Learning Environment Utilizing DREEM Model in Islamic Azad University of Mashhad

نویسندگان [English]

  • arezou faraj pour 1
  • mohamad sarafraz yazdi 2
  • mehran homam 3
  • mohamad ali raisolsadat 4
  • samaneh sarvghad moghadam 5
1 PhD Candidate of Medical Education, school of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Islamic Azad University-Mashhad Branch, department of Internal Medicine, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Faculty Member, Department of Neurology, Islamic Azad University-Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran.
4 Faculty Member, Department of Pediatric surgery, Islamic Azad University-Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran.
5 M.S. Student in Medical Education, EDC, Islamic Azad University-Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

One of the effective factors in process of learning is education environment that is determinant in student’s motivation toward learning and leads to boosting deep learning treatments. This cross-sectional descriptive study involved collecting data on students’ perceptions of 136 randomized nursing students at Azad University of Mashhad that were measured by standard DREEM questionnaire. Afterwards, data were analyzed by using SPSS (V.20) software through descriptive statistics and T-test exam. The mean of total score obtained from nursing education environment was 107±23 from 200 (MAX) that signified positive aspects to be more than negative. However, the least mean score related to perception of learning was 23.85±7/8 from 48, and to perception of teachers’ subscales was calculated as 22.6±6/4 from 44. In addition, there was a significant difference between the mean of total score among male and female students and also preclinical and clinical education phases. The Results of this study indicated that nursing student’s perceptions of education environment were moderate, moreover, there are lots of opportunities for improvements in all domains of educational environment. Furthermore, the modern educational strategies and student centered approach should be applied in revising the educational programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Learning
  • Education Environment
  • DREEM Questionnaire
  • Nursing
  • Students’ Perception of Education Environment

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