بررسی نقش میانجی گر طرح واره های هیجانی در رابطه ی بین سبک های دلبستگی و سوگیری توجه

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده ی علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده ی علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی، مدرس آموزشکده ی فنی حرفهای، نیشابور، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی نقش میانجی گر طرح واره های هیجانی در رابطه بین سبک های دلبستگی و سوگیری توجه بود. طرح پژوهش از نوع همبستگی و جامعه ی آماری، کلیه ی دانشجویان دانشگاه شیراز در سال تحصیلی 1392-1393 بودند. بدین منظور، 250 دانشجو (125 دختر و 125 پسر)، به‌روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، در پژوهش شرکت کردند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل مقیاس سبک‌های دلبستگی بزرگسالان (بشارت، 1384)، مقیاس تجدیدنظرشده طرح واره های هیجانی (شاهورانی، 1393) و آزمایه ی تصویری دات پروب بودند. به‌منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها، از روش تحلیل مسیر با نرم افزار 21 AMOS، استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که از میان سبک های دلبستگی، سبک دلبستگی دوسوگرا به صورت غیر مستقیم و از میان طرح واره های هیجانی، طرح واره ی هیجانی درک و کنترل، پذیرش و توافق عمومی، مستقیماً به طور معناداری سوگیری توجه را پیش بینی کردند. همچنین طرح واره های هیجانی عقلانی سازی و ساده انگاری هیجان، به طور معناداری توسط سبک‌های دلبستگی ایمن و اجتنابی پیش بینی شدند. در نهایت، مشخص شد که سه طرح واره ی هیجانی درک و کنترل، پذیرش و توافق عمومی، نقش میانجی گری کامل را در پیش بینی سوگیری توجه به چهره های تهدید کننده، براساس سبک دلبستگی دوسوگرا، ایفا کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mediating role of Emotional Schemas in Relationship between Attachment styles and attention bias

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Mohammad Shahvarani 1
  • Seyed MohammadReza Taghavi 2
  • MohammadAli Goodarzi 2
  • Mahbubeh Sabet Imani 3
1 M.A in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Clinical Psychology department, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Lecturer, Technical-professional educational institution, Neyshabur, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of present study was to examine the mediating role of emotional schemas between the attachment styles and attentional bias. Research design was Correlation; and study population included all university students at Shiraz University during academic year 1392-93. For this purpose, 250 students (125 female and 125 male) participated in the study through the convenient sampling approach. Moreover, research tools included Attachment Style Questionnaire (Besharat, 1384), revised emotional schemas scale (Shahvarani, 1393), and visual Dot Probe task. In order to analyze the data, the path analysis method by AMOS21 was used. Then, the results showed that ambivalent attachment style among attachment styles as well as emotional schema of perception and control, acceptance and general Agreement among emotional schemas indirectly predicted attention bias significantly too. Moreover, rationalization of Emotional schemas and simplification of emotion significantly were predicted by Avoidance and Secure attachment styles. Finally it became clear that the three emotional schemes of perception and control, acceptance and general agreement had a full mediating role in prediction of attention bias to threatened face based on ambivalent attachment style.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attention Bias
  • Attachment Styles
  • Emotional Schemas
  • Student

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