بررسی انگیزه های انتخاب رشته ی تحصیلی دانشجویان رشته ی دندان پزشکی واحد پردیس خودگردان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز در سال 1393

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رشته مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

انتخاب رشته ی تحصیلی و به تبع آن انتخاب شغل از مهم ترین تصمیمات انسان در طول زندگی به شمار می رود که علاوه بر تأمین نیازهای مادی، از نظر روانی نیز فرد را ارضا می نماید. پژوهش حاضر تحت عنوان "بررسی انگیزه های انتخاب رشته ی تحصیلی دانشجویان رشته ی دندان پزشکی واحد پردیس خودگردان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، به صورت توصیفی-تحلیلی و به شکل مقطعی در اسفند ماه سال 1393 صورت گرفته است. جامعه ی آماری کلیه 220 نفر دانشجویان رشته ی دندان پزشکی واحد پردیس خودگردان دانشگاه می باشند که از طریق کنکور سراسری و با پرداخت شهریه ی نسبتاً بالا در دانشگاه مشغول به تحصیل می شوند. نمونه گیری به صورت سرشماری و با توزیع پرسش نامه ها بین همه ی دانشجویان انجام شده است که تعداد 58 نفر (22 نفر پسر و 36 دختر) پرسش نامه ها را تکمیل کرده اند. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها نیز از آمار توصیفی، فراوانی، درصد فراوانی، میانگین، آزمون نرمالیتی کلوموگروف- اسمیرنف و آزمون ناپارامتری مقایسه ی میانگین من ویتنی در نسخه ی 21 نرم افزار آماری SPSS استفاده شد. داشتن مطب مستقل یا استقلال شغلی (59/3±53/0)، موقعیت اجتماعی مناسب (17/3±88/0) و کسب درآمد اقتصادی بالا (09/3±82/0)، به ترتیب مهم ترین انگیزه های انتخاب رشته ی تحصیلی دانشجویان بود. به نظر می رسد با توجه به نرخ بالای بیکاری فارغ التحصیلان دانشگاهی و محدودیت های موجود در استخدام های دولتی و سایر سازمان های خصوصی، توجه متقاضیان به ورود به رشته ی دندان پزشکی به عنوان وسیله ی کسب درآمد مطمئن و مستقل به همراه پرستیژ اجتماعی خاص این رشته که از گذشته وجود داشته، از انگیزه های مهم انتخاب این رشته ی تحصیلی باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Incentives of Choosing the Field of Study by Dental Students at Autonomous Campus in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science in 2015

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolreza gilavand 1
  • Gholamhossein barekat 2
  • Mohammad Hosseinpour 2
1 MA in Educational Administration, Islamic Azad University-Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Educational Administration Department, Islamic Azad University- Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The selection of educational field and consequently a career is one of the most important decisions in life, which can satisfy individuals’ material as well as mental needs. This research was conducted to assess the motivations of dental students on choosing their field of study, studying at the Autonomous Campus of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science (AJUMS). It was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytical research conducted on March 2015. The participants consisted of all 220 students of the Autonomous College of Dentistry where they were accepted through the nationwide-university-entrance examination, and they also had to pay a relatively high tuition. From participants who received the questionnaires, 58 (22 male and 36 female) completed the questionnaires. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, Kolmogorov - Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney nonparametric comparison of means and SPSS software version 21 were utilized. Having an independent office (0.53±3.59), acquiring a proper social status (0.88±3.17) and achieving a high economic income (0.82±3.09) were respectively the main reasons for the students’ choice. Given the high unemployment rate of university graduates as well as the employment restrictions through governmental and private organizations, it seems that dentistry serves as a reliable and independent income, giving a social prestige and qualities like these would be the most important incentives of the applicants in choosing dentistry as their future ideal field of study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dental students
  • Incentives
  • Choosing Field of Study
  • Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

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