عنوان مقاله [English]
Description of people`s attitudes and tendency toward physical and exercise in 8 cities of different province centers is the objective of the study, the author questionnaire comprises three parts of attitude, tendency and demographic specifications which was provided to 8500 people. Of this number, 4930 men and 3570 women filled the questionnaire out. To design the attitude part of the questionnaire, Kenyon physical activity attitude meter (1986) was used. The questionnaire stability was calculated by functional analysis methods with α=0.87. To analyze the data , Manvietny and Cruscal –Valis used in a significance level of 0.05. The data analysis showed that average 34.7% of the subjects had no physical activity. The subjects noticed factors such as happiness and exhilaration, physical and mental health, self confidence gain and having good temper, as the main motivations and reasons to participate in physical activities, respectively. In general, the results of the study show the difference between various people group attitudes toward physical activities in terms of sexuality, occupation and education degree. The results showed that the families` exercise expense in 2001 was about 741 billion dollars, 0.19% of which is the total family expense and 0.1% is GDP of the country. The exercise expense of a family shows a real growth of 124 % in 2006 than it was in 2001, but because of low income and people exercise participation compared with developed countries, the sport and exercise expenses do not involve an acceptable percent of the families` spending basket.
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