بررسی و ارزیابی عوامل مؤثر بر نگرش، گرایش و عدم مشارکت خانواده ها به فعالیت های حرکتی و ورزشی در 8 شهر جمهوی اسلامی ایران

نویسنده

دبیر آموزش و پرورش کاشان ، مدرس گروه تربیت بدنی دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

چکیده

توصیف نگرش و گرایش مردم به فعالیت های حرکتی و ورزشی در 8 شهر مرکز استان های مختلف ایران هدف این پژوهش است، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته ای دارای سه بخش نگرش، گرایش و ویژگی های جمعیت شناختی در اختیار 8500 نفر قرار گرفت. از این تعداد 4930 مرد و3570 زن پرسشنامه را تکمیل کردند. در طراحی بخش نگرشی پرسشنامه از ابزار نگرشسنج فعالیت بدنی کنیون (1968) استفاده شد. با استفاده از روش های تحلیل عاملی با آلفای 87/0 پایایی پرسشنامه محاسبه شد. در تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از آزمون های من ویتنی و کروسکال_ والیس در سطح معناداری 05/0 استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها نشان داد به طور متوسط6/34درصد آزمودنی ها هیچ گونه فعالیت ورزشی نداشتند. آزمودنی‌ها، به ترتیب اولویت، عواملی چون کسب نشاط و شادابی، تقویت جسم و روان، کسب اعتماد به نفس و داشتن رفتار و اخلاق نیکو را مهم‌ترین علل و انگیزه‌های مشارکت در فعالیت‌های حرکتی و ورزشی معرفی نمودند. به طور کلی، نتایج این پژوهش حاکی از متفاوت بودن نگرش اقشار مختلف مردم به فعالیت‌های حرکتی و ورزشی به تفکیک جنسیت، شغل و مدرک تحصیلی است. نتایج نشان داد، میزان هزینه‌های ورزشی خانوار در سال 1380 معادل 741 میلیارد ریال، 19/0 درصد کل هزینه خانوار و 1/0 درصد GDP کشور می‌باشد. هزینه وزشی یک خانوار در سال 1385 نسبت به سال 1380 دارای رشد واقعی 124 درصدی است،‌ ولی به دلیل پایین بودن درآمد و سهم مشارکت ورزشی مردم ایران نسبت به کشورهای پیشرفته،‌ هنوز هزینه‌های ورزشی درصد قابل قبولی را در سبد هزینه‌های خانوار به خود اختصاص نمی‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study and Evaluation of the Families` Attitude and tendency to the Physical Activities and Exercise in 8 cities of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • javad nemati bigdeli
Instructor of Kashan Education & Training, Instructor of Education Group of Kashan University Physical, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Description of people`s attitudes and tendency toward physical and exercise in 8 cities of different province centers is the objective of the study, the author questionnaire comprises three parts of attitude, tendency and demographic specifications which was provided to 8500 people. Of this number, 4930 men and 3570 women filled the questionnaire out. To design the attitude part of the questionnaire, Kenyon physical activity attitude meter (1986) was used. The questionnaire stability was calculated by functional analysis methods with α=0.87. To analyze the data , Manvietny and Cruscal –Valis used in a significance level of 0.05. The data analysis showed that average 34.7% of the subjects had no physical activity. The subjects noticed factors such as happiness and exhilaration, physical and mental health, self confidence gain and having good temper, as the main motivations and reasons to participate in physical activities, respectively. In general, the results of the study show the difference between various people group attitudes toward physical activities in terms of sexuality, occupation and education degree. The results showed that the families` exercise expense in 2001 was about 741 billion dollars, 0.19% of which is the total family expense and 0.1% is GDP of the country. The exercise expense of a family shows a real growth of 124 % in 2006 than it was in 2001, but because of low income and people exercise participation compared with developed countries, the sport and exercise expenses do not involve an acceptable percent of the families` spending basket.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attitude
  • Tendency
  • Physical Activities
  • Exercise Expense

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