نقش محیط یادگیری در ارتقای آموزش و معرفی ابزارهای اندازه گیری محیط یادگیری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آموزش پزشکی، گروه آموزش پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات آموزش پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه آموزش پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات آموزش پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

محیط یادگیری زمینه ی فیزیکی یا مجازی است که یادگیری در آن اتفاق می افتد. در مقالات و کتب مختلف به صورت پراکنده به بررسی محیط یادگیری پرداخته شده است. هدف از انجام این مطالعه، بیان اهمیت و لزوم پ‍ژوهش در مورد محیط یادگیری و شناخت ابزارهای اندازه گیری محیط آموزشی و راه های ارتقای آن است. در این مطالعه ی مروری پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی فارسی شامل Sid، Iranmedex، Irandoc و Magiran با کمک کلیدواژه‌هایی شامل محیط یادگیری، محیط آموزشی، جو آموزشی و همچنین پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی لاتین شامل Pubmed، Erice با کلیدواژه هایEducational Environment ،Learning Environment ، Educational Climate مورد جستجو قرار گرفت. یافته های این مطالعه در سه حیطه که عبارتند از: اهمیت محیط آموزشی شامل تأثیرگذاری بر رفتار دانشجو، تأثیر بر پیشرفت تحصیلی و موفقیت در امر یادگیری، ایجاد تصویری نسبتاً جامع از وضعیت کلی فرایند آموزش و ...؛ ابزارهای اندازه گیری محیط آموزشی شامل MSLES، LEQ، MSEQ، DREEM، MSEI، Mini-STEEM و ... و راهکارهای ارتقای محیط آموزشی شامل نقش مدیر در ارتقای محیط یادگیری، نقش استاد در ارتقای محیط یادگیری و نقش ارتقای محیط فیزیکی در ارتقای محیط یادگیری ارائه می شود. محیط آموزشی مناسب یکی از عناصر ضروری برای یادگیری است. ابزارهای ارزشمندی جهت سنجش محیط آموزشی طراحی شده است. هیچ ابزاری همه عناصر محیط آموزشی را مورد سنجش قرار نمی دهد. با سنجش محیط آموزشی توسط ابزار مناسب و به کارگیری راهکارهای بهبود محیط آموزشی می توان به ارتقای یاددهی یادگیری و همچنین اجرای موفق برنامه ی درسی کمک شایانی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Learning Environment in Education Improvement and Interducing its Measurement Tools

نویسندگان [English]

  • habibolah rezaei 1
  • nikoo yamani 2
1 Candidate of PhD in Medical Education, Medical Education Department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Medical Education Department, Research Development Center of Medical Education, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Learning environment is a physical or virtual context in which learning occurs. The learning environment is an important determinant of behavior. The aim of this study was to express the significance and necessity of learning environment. Additionally, the identification of instruments that measure the learning environment and also the ways for promotion the learning environment was the utmost importance. By present research, some databases including SID, Iranmedex, Irandoc, and Magiran were reviewed; on the other hand, Pubmed and Eric databases were searched using key words such as learning environment, educational environment, and educational climate. The results of this study were also categorized in three sections including; the importance and necessity of the learning environment (the impact on students’ behavior, academic achievement, and the success in learning, a comprehensive view about the process of education, and so on); learning instruments that measure the learning environment (MSLES, LEQ , MSEQ, DREEM, MSEI, Mini-STEEM, and so on); and the ways for promotion the learning environment (the role of managers, faculty, and the physical environment in enhancing the learning environment. One reason for an emphasis on the learning environment was its impact on academic achievement. It should be noted that important instruments have been designed for measuring the learning environment but these instruments are not applicable for measuring all elements of educational environment. As a result, every faculty should be familiar with this instrument in order to assess the class environment for promoting this environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Educational environment
  • Educational Climate
  • Learning Environment
  • Curriculum
  • Measurement

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