اثربخشی قصه گویی در کاهش پرخاشگری و اضطراب امتحان در پسران پرورشگاه های شهررشت

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تنکابن، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشدروانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تنکابن، مازندران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر قصه‌گویی بر کاهش کاهش پرخاشگری و کاهش اضطراب امتحان در پسران پرورشگاه‌های شهر رشت می‌باشد. در چهارچوب روشی "آزمایشی" در قالب یک طرح تحقیق از نوع پیش آزمون – پس آزمون- پیگیری با گروه کنترل، 33 پسر، 8 ساله که از بین 34 کودک 6تا 8 ساله که داروی روانپزشکی استفاده نمی-کردند و تاکنون مورد درمان‌های روانشناسانه قرار نگرفته بودند انتخاب شدند. به طور تصادفی در دو گروه (1 گروه آزمایشی و 1 گروه کنترل) جایگزین شدند. دو گروه آزمایش به مدت 7 جلسه تحت تأثیر متغیر مستقل"قصه گویی همراه با بحث" قرار گرفتند و گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله‌ای را دریافت نکرد. بعد از اتمام مداخلات و نیز یک ماه پس از اتمام مداخلات از هر دو گروه آزمون به عمل آمد تا تأثیر متغیر مستقل بر متغیرهای وابسته و داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل واریانس برای اندازه گیری های مکرر،(MANCOVA) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان داد که روش قصه گویی همراه با بحث بر کاهش پرخاشگری و کاهش اضطراب امتحان پسران 8 ساله پرورشگاه های شهر رشت مؤثر است. این نتایج قابلیت کاربرد قصه و ساختار آن را درآموزش و درمان مشکلات کودکان نشان می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Storytelling on decrease of Aggression and Test Anxiety in Boys orphanage in Rasht

نویسندگان [English]

  • golnoosh Chegeni 1
  • Mahboobe Chegeni 2
1 MSc in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, Mazandaran, Iran.
2 MSc in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, Mazandaran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was an investigation of storytelling approach on aggression and test anxiety decrease of 8 year old boys orphanage in Rasht. Using a Quasi experimental, pre-test post-test- fallow up design with control group. a sample consisting of 20 elementary school boys were selected On the basis of the scores achieved from the scales of 34 elementary school children that they didn’t accusations any psychotherapy and psychoanalysis treatment. (Parent & teacher form), the samples were placed randomly in 1 experimental and control groups. Then experimental groups participated in storytelling and storytelling and discussion for 7 sessions. Upon the completion of the training and after 1months Shahim aggression scale were administered as a post test and fallow up to 2 groups of mothers and teachers to investigate the effect of independent variable on dependent variable. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance & MANCOVA parents in storytelling and discussion group reported a significant decrease in children's aggression and test anxiety This finding shows the efficiency of using story and its structure in training and treatment of children with aggression and test anxiety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • storytelling
  • story
  • aggression and test anxiety
  • boys
  • orphanage
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