پیش بینی اهمال کاری بر اساس الگوهای ارتباطی، رابطه والد - فرزندی و تأثیر آن بر آموزش الگوهای رفتاری دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی گروه روان شناسی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه روان شناسی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر پیش بینی اهمال کاری بر اساس الگوهای ارتباطی خانواده، رابطه والد- فرزندی و الگوهای رفتاری دانشجویان بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را کلیه دانشجویان کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رودهن در سال تحصیلی 98-1397 تشکیل دادند که در قالب طرح پژوهش همبستگی، تعداد 200 نفر با روش نمونه گیری تصادفی چندمرحله‌ای از بین آنان انتخاب شدند و مقیاس اهمال کاری تاکمن، مقیاس الگوهای ارتباطات خانواده کوئرنر و فیتزپاتریک، مقیاس ارزیابی رابطه والد-فرزند فاین، مورلند، و اسچووبل و مقیاس الگوهای رفتاری فریدمن و روزنمن را تکمیل نمودند. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون چندمتغیری نشان داد که تنها 2 مؤلفه جهت گیری گفت و شنود و جهت گیری همنوایی از متغیر الگوهای ارتباطی با متغیر اهمال‌کاری همبستگی معنادار دارند. متغیر گفت و شنود با متغیر اهمال‌کاری همبستگی مثبت و معنادار دارد، به عبارت دیگر، با افزایش در این متغیر نمره اهمال‌کاری افزایش می‌یابد که حاکی از اهمال‌کاری پایین است، اما، برعکس، همبستگی متغیر جهت گیری همنوایی با اهمال‌کاری منفی و معنادار است که حاکی از اهمال‌کاری بالاست. بین متغیرهای رابطه والد- فرزندی و الگوهای رفتاری با اهمال کاری همبستگی معنی داری یافت نشد. نتیجه گیری کلی حاکی از آن بود که اهمال کاری بر اساس الگوهای ارتباطی خانواده قابل پیش بینی است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Procrastination based on Communication Patterns, Parent-child Relationship and Its Effect on Teaching Students' Behavioral Patterns

نویسندگان [English]

  • aynaz Mohamadizadeh 1
  • malek mirhashemi 2
1 Student of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to predict procrastination based on communication patterns, Parent-child relationship and student behavior patterns. The statistical population of this study consisted of all students of Roodehen branch of Islamic Azad University during 2018-2019. In a correlational research framework, 200 people were selected by multistage random sampling. They completed the Tuckman Neglect Scale, Fitzpatrick and Koener Family Communication Patterns Scale, Parent-Child Relationship Evaluation Scale of Fine, Moreland, and Schoebel, and Friedman and Rosenman scale of behavioral patterns.
The results of multivariate regression analysis showed that only two components of dialogue orientation and conformance orientation of the communication patterns variable were significantly correlated with the procrastination variable. The dialogue variable has a positive and significant correlation with the procrastination variable. In other words, the increase in this variable increased the score of procrastination, which indicated a low procrastination; however, on the contrary, the correlation of the attitudinal orientation variable with negligence was negative and significant that indicated high procrastination. No significant correlation was found between parent-child relationship variables and behavioral patterns with procrastination. The overall conclusion was that procrastination was predictable based on family communication patterns.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • procrastination
  • Communication Patterns
  • Parent-Child Relationship
  • behavior patterns
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