شناسایی و رتبه بندی شاخص‌های آموزشی- رفتاری در مشاوره کارآفرینی بر مبنای نظریه انتخاب با استفاده از مدل ساختاری تفسیری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه ;کارآفرینی، واحد علی‌آباد کتول، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، علی‌آباد کتول، ایران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه مدیریت، واحد علی‌آباد کتول، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، علی‌آباد کتول، ایران.

3 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر شناسایی شاخص­های رفتاری - آموزشی مشاوره کارآفرینی بر مبنای نظریه انتخاب و بررسی میزان اهمیت و اولویت­بندی هر یک از این شاخص­ها بر مبنای این نظریه بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل خبرگان کارآفرینی آموزشی - رفتاری و آگاه به نظریه انتخاب در مشاوره بود و به منظور گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه جهت رتبه­بندی و سطح­بندی شاخص­های رفتاری - آموزشی کارآفرینی در مشاوره استفاده شد. در این پژوهش با توجه به مطالعه انجام شده و ادبیات تحقیق 17 شاخص رفتاری - آموزشی مؤثر بر مشاوره کارآفرینی شناسایی شدند. سپس مهمترین شاخص­ها با استفاده از مدل­سازی ساختاری تفسیری سطح­بندی شدند. یافته­های مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که استقلال­طلبی، اعتماد به نفس، تحمل ابهام، تسلط، خلاقیت، خوش­بینی، رهبری، سودگرایی، شهود، عزت­نفس، عزم و اراده، کنترل درونی، مخاطره­پذیری، ‏‏مسئولیت­پذیری، مهارت ارتباط بین­فردی، تعلق، نیاز به توفیق به عنوان عوامل مهم در کارآفرینی­اند. یافته­ها همچنین نشان داد که شاخص­های تأثیرگذار بر بعد رفتاری - آموزشی عبارتند از: سطح استقلال (خودمختار): شاخص هایی که حداقل وابستگی و قدرت نفوذ را بر دیگر شاخص­ها دارند، سطح وابستگی: شاخص­هایی که وابستگی زیادی بر دیگر شاخص­ها دارند، اما نفوذ آن­ها اندک است، سطح  پیوندی(عدم وابستگی): شاخص­هایی که رابطه دو طرفه با دیگر شاخص­ها دارند. نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان می­دهد که شاخص­های استقلال­طلبی و مهارت­های بین­فردی اساسی­ترین شاخص­های مؤثر بر مشاوره کارآفرینی است که باید در وهله اول در خدمات مشاوره­ای بر مبنای نظریه انتخاب بر آن­ها تأکید شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and Ranking of Educational-behavioral Indicators in Entrepreneurship Counseling based on Choice Theory Using Interpretive Structural Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Jafari 1
  • Rouholah samie 2
  • Fereydoon Azma 2
  • Mohammad Reza Safarian Toosi 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Entrepreneurship, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Management, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of Educational Sciences, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of present study was to identify the behavioral-educational index of entrepreneurial counseling based on choice theory and to examine the importance and priority of each of the behavioral-educational indicators based on choice theory. The statistical population of this study included educational-behavioral entrepreneurship experts and those were familiar with the theory of selection in counseling, and also in order to collect information, a questionnaire was used to rank the behavioral-educational indicators of entrepreneurship in counseling. In this study, 17 behavioral-educational indicators affecting entrepreneurial counseling were identified according to studies and the research literature. Then, the most important indexes were ranked using interpretive structural modeling. According to findings of the present study, independence, self-confidence, tolerance of ambiguity, mastery, creativity, optimism, leadership, profitability, intuition, self-esteem, determination, internal control, risk-taking, Accountability, interpersonal communication skills, belonging, and the need for success were considered as important factors in entrepreneurship. The outcomes also showed that the indicators influencing the behavioral-educational dimension were Independence level (autonomy): indicators that had the least dependence and the power of influence on other indicators; Dependence level: indicators that were highly dependent on other indicators, but had little influence; Link (non-dependence): indicators that had a two-way relationship with other indicators. Therefore, the indicators of desired independence and interpersonal skills were the most important indicators affecting entrepreneurial counseling that should be considered and emphasized in the first step in the counseling services based on the choice theory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Behavioral-Educational Indicators of Entrepreneurship
  • counseling
  • Interpretive structural modeling
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