ارائه چارچوب زمینه‌های محیطی مؤثر در تأسیس شرکت‌های آموزشی دانش بنیان (مورد مطالعه: دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی استان گیلان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 فارغ التحصیل دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2020.237187.1424

چکیده

دانشگاه‌ها به عنوان متولیان اصلی تربیت منابع انسانی متخصص در جامعه، نقش اساسی دارند. به منظورتغییر نگرش دانشجویان و دانش آموختگان از کارجویی به کارآفرینی، دانشگاه می‌تواند مسیر کاربردی نمودن و بهره برداری از قابلیت‌های ایجاد شده در دانش آموختگان را از طریق ایجاد شرکت های دانش بنیان هموار نماید. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر نحوه به دست آوردن داده­ها کیفی و کمّی است. ابزار گردآوری داده ها مصاحبه و پرسشنامه بود که ابتدا مصاحبه با 13 نفر از صاحب نظران دانشگاهی در حوزه شرکت­های دانش بنیان با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند انجام گرفت و زمینه­های محیطی با استفاده از تحلیل مصاحبه­ها استخراج شد. در بخش کمّی، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته در میان267 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای بر حسب واحدها توزیع شده و با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و آزمون تی تک نمونه به بررسی وضعیت پرداخته شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد بیشترین ضریب تأثیر مربوط به برنامه­ریزی تجاری مناسب جهت تبدیل ایده به محصول توسط دولت با 09/17 و کمترین ضریب تأثیر مربوط به عوامل اجتماعی جامعه با 84/7 بود. همچنین مدل پژوهش، با شاخص‌های برازش و ضرایب استاندارد مورد تأیید قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presentation of a Framework for Effective Environmental Contexts in Establishing Knowledge-Based Training Companies (Case Study: Islamic Azad University Gilan Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahnaz Kargar 1
  • Kiuomars Niazazari 2
  • Taraneh Enayati 2
1 Ph.D. in Educational Management, Sari Branch-Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Management, Sari Branch-Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Universities have a central role and primarily responsible for the development of specialized human resources in the society. Without changing the attitude of students and graduates from job seeker to entrepreneur, the university can pave the way for applying and exploiting the capabilities created by graduates through the creation of knowledge-based companies. This research was applied in terms of purpose and in terms of data gathering was a qualitative and quantitative study. Data were collected by interview and questionnaire. First, interviews were conducted with 13 academic experts in the field of knowledge-based companies by purposeful sampling method. Environmental fields were extracted using interview analysis. In the quantitative part, a researcher-made questionnaire was used. Using stratified random sampling method, 267 persons were distributed among the units and status analysis was performed by confirmatory factor analysis and one sample t-test. The results showed that the highest impact factor was related to proper business planning for product idea conversion by government 17.09, although the lowest impact factor was related to social factors with 7.84. Moreover, the research model was confirmed by fitting indices and standard coefficients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • knowledge based companies
  • Environment
  • university
  • framework
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