بررسی رابطه بین سبک زندگی سلامت‌محور و راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی و خودکنترلی با بهداشت روانی و جسمانی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته ی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2020.225361.1302

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه بین سبک زندگی سلامت‌محور و راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی و خودکنترلی با بهداشت روانی و جسمانی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بود. مطالعه حاضر از نوع توصیفی– پیمایشی و با روش همبستگی انجام شد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی به تعداد 1554 نفر بود که 308 نفر طبق فرمول کوکران و به شیوه نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. داده­ها توسط سه پرسشنامه سبک زندگی سلامت‌محور (HPLPII) والکر و همکاران (1987)، راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی و خودکنترلی (SRLS) زیمزمن و مارتینزپونز (1988) و بهداشت روانی و جسمانی ویر (1996) جمع­آوری شد که روایی آن‌ها از نوع صوری و محتوایی مورد تأیید اساتید و خبرگان قرار گرفت و پایایی آنها با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ بررسی شد. تحلیل داده‌ها در بخش آمار توصیفی از (جدول توزیع فراوانی، نمودار، میانگین، انحراف معیار و محاسبه شاخص‌های مرکزی و پراکندگی) و در بخش آمار استنباطی جهت سنجش روابط بین متغیرها از نرم‌افزار آماری spss21 و معادلات ساختاری از نرم‌افزار lisrel8/8 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین سبک زندگی سلامت‌محور و راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی و خودکنترلی با بهداشت روانی و جسمانی دانشجویان رابطه معنی داری وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج رگرسیون چند متغیره گام ‌به‌گام نشان داد در گام اول سبک زندگی سلامت‌محور به تنهایی (2/31) درصد و در گام دوم با اضافه شدن متغیر راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی و خودکنترلی به معادله هر دو (2/32) درصد از واریانس معادله را تبیین می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study of Relationship between Healthy Oriented Lifestyle and Learning Strategies of Self- Requlatory and Self-Controlling with Mental and Physical health in Students at North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamide Yavarizade 1
  • Mahboube Soleymanpour Omran 2
1 M.A. student in Educational Management, Department of Educational Management, Bojnourd Branch-Islamic Azad University, ‎Bojnourd, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The overall aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between healthy lifestyle and self-requlatory and self- controlling learning strategies with mental and physical health of students in North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. The present study was performed upon descriptive-survey one with correlational method. The statistical population included 1554 students that the  final sample included 308 people were selected by simple  random sampling method based on Cochran formula.Then the data were collected using three questionnaires; Healthy Lifestyle  (HPLPII) Walker et al (1987), Self- Requlatory and Self- Controlling Learning Strategies (SRLS), Zimmerman & Martinspons (1988) and Mental and Physical health Weber (1996) that their validity was approved in both surface and content type by the management professors.  In addition, their reliability was estimated by Cronbach's alpha (0/90), (0/74) and (0/82), respectively. Then, the data was analyzed in descriptive statisitics section using frequency distribution tables, Mean, Std Deviation and calculating central indicators and dispersion; and in the inferential statistics section to measure the relationships between variables, measured by SPSS version 21 and the use of the structural equation method of LISREL version 8.8. According to findings, results showed that there was a significant relationship between healthy lifestyle and self- requlatory and self- controlling of learning strategies with mental and physical health in students at North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. Moreover, the results of multivariate regression step by step showed that in the first step healthy lifestyle alone was (31/2) %, although in the second step with involving self- requlatory and self- controlling variables of learning strategies determined both (32/2) % of the variance of the equation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • healthy lifestyle
  • Self- Requlatory and Self- Controlling of Learning Strategies
  • Mental and Physical Health
Akbarnejad Nesheli,  Kh., Tal,  A., Majlesi,  F. et al 2016, Investigating Predictive Factors of Health-Based Lifestyle in Amol City Health Professionals, Journal of Hospital. The official organ of the Iranian Association of Hospitals Affairs, Vol.15, No.4, Pp. 98108. [in Persian]
 Altun E. 2008, Effect of a health promotion course on health promoting behaviors of university students, Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol.14, No.4, Pp. 880-887.
Anderson, D, Country, M. 2011, A longitudinal study of the relationship between lifestyle & mental health among midlife & older women in Australia, Health Care for Woman International, Vol.13, No.12, Pp. 1082-96.
 Anderson-Bill ES, Winett RA, Wojcik JR.  2011, Social cognitive determinants of nutrition and physical activity among webhealth users enrolling in an online intervention: the influence of social support, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and self-regulation,  Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol.13, No.1:  28 
Ashari, N.; Shafiabadi, A. and Sudani, M. 2010, The Effectiveness of Teaching Learning Strategies on Academic Performance and Self-Regulated Learning in Ahwaz Preschool Girl Students, New findings in psychology,Vol.5, No.13, Pp. 7-22. [In Persian]
Bandura A. 2005, The primacy of selfregulation in health promotion, Appl Psychol An Int Re, Vol.54, No.2, Pp. 245254.
Bani Fatemeh,  H.; Shahamfar, J.; Alizadeh Aghdam, M.B & et al 2014, Assessing the Health Level of Tabriz Citizens and Studying the Impact of Education and Gender on Health Awareness, Healthy Lifestyle and Health related quality of life, Monitoring Journal, Vol.14, No.1, Pp. 85-92. [In Persian]
Black J, Hawk JH, Keene AM. 2001, Medical surgical of nursing. Philadelphia:W.B. Saunders. P.5223.
Dalvandi, A., Maddah, S.B., Khaneka, H.R & et al 2012, Explaining the healthbased lifestyle of Islamic culture, Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences, Vol.1, No.4, Pp. 332-343. [In Persian]
Ebrahimi Moghadam, H. and Mahdi,  S.H. 2014, The Effectiveness of Self-Control Training on Mental Health of Nurses in Tehran, Journal of Analytical - Cognitive Psychology, Vol.5, No.21, Pp. 25-32. [In Persian]
 Jahanbakhsh, I. and Hashemi, M. 2014, A Survey of Healthy Lifestyle Dimensions in Shooshtar Residents, Analytical Journal of Aligoodarz School of Nursing, Vol.5, No.8 and 9, Pp. 83-89. [In Persian]
Johari, S.; Mosleh Nejad, Z. and Phalsafian, R. 2014, The relationship between lifestyle and health in the elderly referring to the gardens of Tehran, Journal of Disability Studies, Vol.4, No.9, Pp. 1014. [In Persian]
Movahed, M.; Zanjari, N. and Sadeghi, R. 2012, Social Demographic Determinants of Elderly Health Improving Lifestyle (Case Study: Shiraz Elderly), Journal of the Demographic Society, Vol.5, No.10, Pp. 108-115. [In Persian]
Nabavi , S.J. 2011, Mental Health Status of New Entrance Students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Branch MMPI test, Journal of Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences, Vol.21, No.4, Pp. 292297. [In Persian]
Nozadi, S.M. 2001, Epidemiology basics and principles, Tehran: Wisdom. [in Persian]
Pasdar,  Y., Mozaffari,  H.R.; Darbandi, M. 2011, The Relationship between Academic Achievement with Nutritional Status and Growth of Elementary School Students in Kermanshah, Kumash Quarterly, Vol.15, No.4, Pp. 541-550. [In Persian]
Phipps C. 2001, Fundamental of nursing, Philadelphia: Lippincott. P.50-52.
Potter, P. A. & Perry, A. G. 2001, Fundamentals of nursing, Philadelphia: Mosby.
Ragh, K.; Mohammadi Aria, A.R. & Tajeri, B. 2018, The Relationship between Lifestyle and Nutritional Patterns with Self-Esteem and Mental Health in High School Girl Students Second, Sociology of Education, Vol.6, No.6, Pp. 62-68. [In Persian]
 Rezaei, A.; Esfandiari Tavisia, F. & Sarouqed, S. 2010, The relationship between eating attitude and self-regulation with lifestyle in obese and normal women, Women and Society (Sociology of Women), Vol.1, No.1, Pp. 113-128. [In Persian]
Samimi, R.; Masrour, D.; Hosseini, F. 2006, The relationship between lifestyle and general health of students, Iranian Journal of Nursing, Vol.19, No.48, Pp. 84-93. [In Persian]
Sha, L., Looi, C. K., Chen, W. 2012, Recognizing and measuring selfregulated learning in a mobile learning environment, Computers in Human Behaviors, Vol.28, No.2, Pp. 718-728.
Sheibani, S. 2014, Sociological Study of Relationship between Lifestyle and Health Dimensions with Emphasis on Social Factors Affecting Health in Kerman Citizens. Master of Science Degree in Public Administration, Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology, Kerman Shahid Bahonar University. Faculty of Literature and Humanities. [in Persian]
Shonkoff J, Phillips D. 2000, From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. A report of the National Research Council, Washington, DC: National Academies: 112.
 Soleimani,  H., Rahmanian, M. 2020, Technology Review in Learning: SelfControl and Self-Regulation in a Integrated Course, Journal of Linguistic Research in Foreign Languages, Vol.9, No.4, Pp. 1085-1104. [In Persian]
Soufi,  S., Shokri,  O., Fathabadi,  J. & et al 2020, The causal dominance of healthoriented school-based antecedents and consequences in high school girl students, Journal of Exceptional Psychology, Vol.9, No.35, Pp. 21-45. [In Persian]
Sugiyama, T., & C. Ward Thompson. 2007, Older people’s health, outdoor activity and supportiveness of neighbourhood eenvironments, Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.83, No.2-3, Pp. 168–175.
 Tehrani Shojaee, H. 2007, General health services: Social medicine textbook, Author: Park Jay, Park Key. Tehran: Samat. [In Persian]
Wolters CA. 2003, Regulation of motivation: Evaluating an underemphasized aspect of self regulated learning, Educ Psychologist, Vol.38, No.4, Pp. 189-205.
Zheng, L., Li, X., & Chen, F. 2016, Effects of a mobile self-regulated learning approach on students’ learning achievements and self-regulated learning skills, Innovations in Education and Teaching International. Retrieved from http://www. tandfonline.com/loi/riie20.