بررسی آگاهی دانشجویان رشته‌های بالینی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز از حقوق بیمار در سال 1396

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 فارغ التحصیل کارشناسی مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، گروه مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 فارغ التحصیل کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، گروه مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، دانشکده بهداشت، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2020.221390.1277

چکیده

افزایش آگاهی دانشجویان از حقوق بیمار و رعایت آن، در ارتقای کیفیت مراقبت ها و افزایش اعتماد و رضایت بیماران دارای اهمیت است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین میزان آگاهی دانشجویان رشته­های بالینی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز از حقوق بیمار انجام شد. در این مطالعه توصیفی - مقطعی، 300 دانشجوی پزشکی، پرستاری و مامایی به صورت تصادفی طبقه­ای از بین دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز در سال 1396 انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع آوری داده­ها پرسشنامه استاندارد حقوق بیمار بود. داده­ها از طریق آمارتوصیفی و آزمون­های اسپیرمن، من ویتنی و کروسکال والیس در نرم افزار Spss.21 تحلیل شد. میانگین امتیاز آگاهی دانشجویان از حقوق بیمار 09/2± 95/14 بود. آگاهی از حقوق بیمار در7/54 درصد دانشجویان، متوسط و 3/54 درصد دیگر خوب ارزیابی شد. همچنین ابعاد دسترسی به خدمات و محرمانگی به ترتیب بیشترین (932/0± 26/5) و کمترین (32/0± 88/0) امتیاز را در آگاهی دانشجویان از حقوق بیمار داشتند. آگاهی از حقوق بیمار و ابعاد دسترسی به خدمات و محرمانگی آن در دانشجویان در رشته تحصیلی، دانشکده و مقطع تحصیلی مختلف دارای تفاوت آماری معنا داری بود (05/0>P). به طور کلی میزان آگاه دانشجویان بالینی از حقوق بیمار، در حد متوسط بود. پیشنهاد می­­شود با آموزش­های لازم، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر عدم رعایت حقوق بیمار و نظارت بر رعایت حقوق بیمار توسط کادر درمان و اساتید، آگاهی دانشجویان از حقوق بیماران را افزایش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Awareness of Clinical Students of Patient Rights at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences:2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amin Torabipour 1
  • Hadis Malekian 2
  • Tahre Bahmani 2
  • Zahra Rahsepar 2
  • Ahmad Tahmasebi ghorrabi 3
1 Faculty Member, Department of Health Care Management, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 B.Sc. Student, Department of Health Care Management, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 M.Sc. student, Department of Health Care Management, School of Health, Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Increasing students 'awareness of and respect to patients' rights is important in improving the quality of care and enhancing patient confidence and satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of clinical students in patient rights. Hence, in this descriptive cross-sectional study, 300 medicals, nursing and midwifery students were randomly selected from students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in 2017. Data were collected using standard patient rights questionnaire. Then, data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. The mean score of students' knowledge about patient rights was 14.95 ± 2.09. Moreover, awareness of patient rights was estimated rather in 54.7% of students moderate and 54.3% good. Also the dimensions of access to services and confidentiality had the highest (5.26 ± 0.932) and lowest (0.88 ± 0.32) scores in students' awareness of patient rights, respectively. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference in awareness of patient rights and dimensions of access to services and confidentiality among students in different fields of study, college and educational level (P <0.05). In general, clinical students' knowledge of patient rights was moderate. It is recommended to increase students 'awareness of patients' rights by providing necessary training, identifying factors affecting non-compliance with patient rights and supervising compliance with medical staff by professors and therapists.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Patient rights
  • Clinical
  • Students
  • Ahvaz
  • University of Medical Sciences
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