تدوین مدل شادکامی بر اساس هوش معنوی و کیفیت روابط بین فردی با میانجی گری تاب آوری و شفقت به خود در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی، کروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

3 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

4 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه ازاداسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تدوین مدل شادکامی بر اساس هوش معنوی و کیفیت روابط بین فردی با میانجیگری تاب آوری و شفقت به خود در دانشجویان انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش مقطعی از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری شامل دانشجویان دختر و پسر مجرد در مقطع کارشناسی (18-25 سال) دانشگاه­های آزاد اسلامی شهر تهران در نیمسال اول سال تحصیلی 1397 بود. حجم  نمونه 458  نفر (231 دختر، 227 پسر) بود که به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی چند مرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش عبارت بودند از: شادکامی آکسفورد ، هوش معنوی، کیفیت روابط بین فردی، تاب آوری و شفقت خود.  به منظور تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم‌افزار SPSS-V21 و AMOS استفاده شد. همچنین داده­ها با استفاده از مدل تحلیل مسیر مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان دادکه هوش معنوی بر شادکامی دانشجویان اثر مستقیم دارد. هوش معنوی با میانجی گری تاب­آوری بر شادکامی اثر غیرمستقیم دارد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که مقدار اثر غیرمستقیم هوش معنوی از طریق متغیر واسطه­ای شفقت به خود بر روی شادکامی معنی­دار نیست. کیفیت رابطه بر شادکامی دانشجویان اثر مستقیم و معنی­داری دارد. همچنین نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که مقدار اثر غیرمستقیم کیفیت رابطه از طریق متغیر واسطه­ای تاب آوری بر روی شادکامی معنی­دار است. مقدار اثر غیرمستقیم کیفیت رابطه از طریق متغیر واسطه­ای شفقت به خود بر روی شادکامی معنی­دار نیست. بنابراین توجه به متغیرهای مذکور در طراحی درمان‌های مناسب‌تر به پژوهشگران و درمانگران یاری می‌رساند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Happiness Model Development based on Spiritual Intelligence and Quality of Interpersonal Relationships with a Mediating role of Resilience and Self-compassion in Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Saliminia 1
  • Sosan Emamipour 2
  • Valiollah Farzad 3
  • Roya Kochakentezar 4
1 Ph. D Student, Department of General Psychology, Central Tehran Branch-Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Tehran Branch-Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of General Psychology, Central Tehran Branch-Islamic Azad University Tehran, Iran.
4 Faculty member, Department of General Psychology, Central Tehran Branch-Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to develop a happiness model based on spiritual intelligence and the quality of interpersonal relationships with a mediating role of resilience and self-compassion in students. The research method was a cross-sectional correlational study. The statistical population included undergraduate male and female students (18-25 years old) of Islamic Azad Universities of Tehran in the first semester in 2018 academic year. By multi-stage random sampling, the sample size was 458 people included 231 girls and 227 boys. Moreover, the research tools were: Oxford Happiness, Spiritual Intelligence, Quality of Interpersonal Relationships, Resilience and Self-Compassion. In order to analyze the data, SPSS-V.21 and AMOS software were used through using path analysis method. Next, the results showed that spiritual intelligence has a direct effect on students' happiness, in addition, spiritual intelligence had an indirect effect on happiness through mediation. The results showed that the amount of indirect effect of spiritual intelligence through the mediating variable of self-compassion on happiness was not significant. The quality of the relationship had a direct and significant effect on students' happiness. The results also revealed that the value of the indirect effect of relationship quality through intermediate resilience variable on happiness was meaningful. The value of the indirect effect of relationship quality through intermediate variables on self-compassion on happiness was not significant. Therefore, attention to these variables in the design of appropriate therapies helps researchers and therapists. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Happiness
  • Spiritual intelligence
  • Quality of Interpersonal Relationships
  • Resilience
  • self-compassion
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