اضطراب امتحان و تأثیر آن بر عملکرد دانشجویان در آزمون صلاحیت بالینی پایان دوره پزشکی عمومی در دانشگاه علوم پزشکی آزاد اسلامی تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی، گروه چشم، دانشکده پزشکی، علوم پزشکی تهران دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری پرستاری، گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، علوم پزشکی تهران دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

4 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، علوم پزشکی تهران دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

5 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده بهداشت، علوم پزشکی تهران دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

اضطراب پدیده­ای است که در دنیای امروز با تأکید بیش از حدی که نظام­های آموزشی بر آزمون ها دارند، روز به روز تشدید خواهد شد و این موضوع می تواند عملکرد صحیح فراگیر را در موقعیت آزمون مختل نماید. هدف این مطالعه بررسی میزان اضطراب امتحان و تأثیر آن بر عملکرد دانشجویان در آزمون صلاحیت بالینی پایان دوره پزشکی عمومی در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران سال تحصیلی 97-96 بود. روش تحقیق از نوع توصیفی همبستگی بود. تعداد 270  نفر از دانشجویان پایان دوره رشته پزشکی عمومی با روش نمونه گیری در دسترس به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. به منظور جمع آوری داده­ها، از پرسشنامه جمعیت شناختی، اضطراب امتحان ساراسون (1977) و نتایج آزمون صلاحیت بالینی استفاده شد. با استفاده از رگرسیون لجستیک و نرم­افزار 22SPSS به بررسی وضعیت روابط متغیرهای پژوهش از دیدگاه پاسخ‌دهندگان پرداخته شد. نتایج نشان داد اضطراب امتحان (خفیف، متوسط و شدید) بر عملکرد دانشجویان در آزمون صلاحیت بالینی پایان دوره پزشکی عمومی در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران سال تحصیلی 97-96 تأثیر معناداری دارد (05/0p <). با توجه به این امر که برگزاری امتحان در دانشجویان ایجاد اضطراب می­کند، برنامه ریزی جهت مدیریت مؤثر اضطراب امتحان در دانشجویان ضرورت دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Test Anxiety and Its Impact on Students' Performance in Clinical Competency Examination at the End of the General Medical Course in Tehran Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farhad Adhami moghadam 1
  • Fatemeh Merati 2
  • Somayeh Ghomiha 3
  • Mehrandokht Nekavand 4
  • Mohammad Sahebalzamani 5
1 Faculty Member, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Ph.D. student in nursing, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 M.Sc. student in Educational Management, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University- Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
4 Faculty Member, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
5 Faculty Member, Department of Management, Faculty of Health, Tehran Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Anxiety is a phenomenon that is intensified nowadays along with the high emphasis of educational systems on tests. Hence, it can disrupt the correct performance of the learner in the test position. The purpose of this study was to determine the test anxiety and its effect on the performance of students in the clinical competency test of the end of the general medical course at Tehran Islamic Azad University in the academic year 2017-2018. The research method was a descriptive-correlational design. In addition, a total of 270 graduate students were selected by available sampling method. For data collection, demographic questionnaire, test anxiety Sarason (1977) and the results of clinical competency test were used. Using the logistic regression and software 22SPSS, the status of relationships between the variables of research was examined from respondents' point of view. Accordingly, the results showed that test anxiety (mild, moderate and severe) had a significant effect on students' performance in the clinical competency test of the end of the general medical course in Tehran Islamic Azad University during the academic year 2017-2018 (p <0.05). Considering the fact that examination may cause anxiety among students, planning for effective management of test anxiety in students is necessary and should be noticed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anxiety test
  • Academic performance
  • clinical competency test
  • General Medical Course
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