شناسایی عوامل موثر بر رشد اخلاقی دانش آموزان دوره ابتدایی شهر تهران از نظر صاحب نظران به منظور ارائه مدل مناسب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت آموزشی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،رودهن، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2020.244251.1498

چکیده

مقاله حاضر با هدف شناسایی عوامل موثر بررشد اخلاقی دانش آموزان دوره ابتدایی شهر تهران از نظر صاحبنظران به منظور ارائه مدل مناسب انجام شد. روش تحقیق به لحاظ هدف توسعه ای و از نظرنوع داده ها جزء تحقیقات آمیخته اکتشافی متوالی می باشد که هم کیفی و هم کمی است که به روش داده بنیاد انجام شد و از حیث روش، توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری در بخش کیفی شامل تعدادی از متخصصان و در بخش کمی شامل کلیه معلمان زن و مرد مدارس ابتدایی دولتی مناطق 19 گانه شهر تهران که در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 مشغول به خدمت بودند، که تعداد آنها 23593 نفر بود. در بخش کیفی 12 نفر به روش هدفمند گلوله برفی و در بخش کمی تعداد 377 نفر به روش خوشه ای و تصادفی انتخاب شدند. نتایج نشان داد؛ در مدل تدوین شده از میان 88 شاخص، 6 بعد اصلی و 20 مولفه فرعی قابل شناسایی است که عبارتنداز: محیط زندگی و نحوه تربیت شامل (نقش محیط خانواده در رشد اخلاقی، نقش محیط آموزشی در رشد اخلاقی) استفاده از استدلال های اخلاقی شامل (استدلال های شناختی، استدلال های عاطفی) فضای حمایتی شامل (برخورداری خانواده و مربیان از دانش علمی، استفاده از مشوق ها) آسیب های روانی، اجتماعی و آموزشی شامل (آسیب های ناشی از ویژگی های شخصیتی و روانی، آسیب های ناشی از استفاده ناصحیح از رسانه ها) ایجاد شناخت شامل (مسئولیت پذیری، الگوپذیری) فضایل اخلاقی شامل (کرامت انسانی) است. در ضمن مدل تدوین شده دارای ساختار مناسبی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying the factors affecting the moral development of elementary school students in Tehran from the perspective of experts in order to provide an appropriate model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Amini 1
  • Fariba Hanifi 2
  • Mohamadnaghi Imani 3
1 PhD student in Educational Management, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.
2 Faculty members, Department of Educational Management, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 faculty members, Department of Educational Management, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this article was to identify the factors affecting the moral development of elementary school students in Tehran from the perspective of experts in order to provide a suitable model. The research method in terms of developmental purpose and in terms of data type is part of a series of consecutive exploratory research, which is both qualitative and quantitative, which was done by the foundation data method, and in terms of method, it is a descriptive survey. The statistical population in the qualitative section includes a number of specialists and in the quantitative section includes all male and female primary school teachers in the 19 districts of Tehran who were employed in the academic year 2019-20, the number of whom was 23,593. In the qualitative section, 12 people were selected by snowball targeted method and in the quantitative section, 377 people were selected by cluster and random method. The results showed; In the developed model, out of 88 indicators, 6 main dimensions and 20 sub-components can be identified, which are: living environment and upbringing (role of family environment in moral development, role of educational environment in moral development), use of moral arguments ( Cognitive arguments, emotional arguments) Supportive environment including (family and educators have scientific knowledge, use of incentives) Psychological, social and educational harms including (harms caused by personality and psychological characteristics, harms caused by improper use From the media) creating knowledge includes (responsibility, role modeling) moral virtues include (human dignity). In addition, the developed model has a suitable structure.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Moral Development
  • Students
  • living environment and upbringing
  • Moral Reasoning
  • moral virtues
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