اثر بخشی شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی و تصویرسازی ذهنی دستوری بر معنویت و پردازش هیجانی مادران دارای دانش اموزان اختلال طیف اوتیسم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ،اهواز، ایران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارزیابی میزان اثر بخشی روش درمانی شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی و تصویرسازی ذهنی دستوری با پردازش شناختی بر معنویت  و پردازش هیجانی در مادران دانش آموزان  طیف اوتیسم در سال 1398 بود. جامعه آماری کلیه مادران دارای فرزند اختلال طیف اوتیسم دو مدرسه شهر اهواز به تعداد 105 بود که 45 مادر به صورت غیر تصادفی هدفمند انتخاب و به  صورت تصادفی در سه گروه 15 نفری قرار داده شد. پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از لحاظ شیوه گردآوری داده‌ها به صورت مقطعی و روش نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون می باشد. ابزار پژوهش، سنجش معنویت هال و ادواردز (1986)، ﻣﻘﯿﺎس ﭘﺮدازش ﻫﯿﺠﺎﻧﯽ ﻧﺴﺨﻪی ﮐﻮﺗﺎه ﺑﺎﮐﺮ و همکاران (2010)، پروتکل شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی (2003) وپروتکل تصویرسازی ذهنی دستوری با پردازش شناختی اسموکر (1995) بود. یافته ها  با روش­های آمار توصیفی و استنباطی تحلیل کواریانس مختلط و بوسیله نرم افزار spss نسخه 24 گرداوری شد. نتایج نشان داد که روش شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی و تصویر سازی ذهنی دستوری بر پردازش هیجانی و معنویت مادران دارای فرزند اختلال طیف اوتیسم تاثیر دارد، بین اثربخشی شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی و تصویرسازی ذهنی دستوری با پردازش شناختی بر معنویت مادران دارای فرزند اختلال طیف اوتیسم تفاوت معنادارنبوده و نیز نمونه های روش تصویر سازی ذهنی با پردازش شناختی نسبت به روش ذهن اگاهی در پردازش هیجانی عملکرد بهتری داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Therapy based on Conscious and Mental Imagery Grammatical on Spirituality and Emotional Processing of Mothers of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Faride Safikhani 1
  • zahra Eftekhar saadi 2
  • Farah Naderi 2
  • Fatemeh Sadat Marashian 2
1 Ph.D. student, Psychology and disorder children education, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad Univesrsity, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Psycology, ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad Univesrsity, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The results of previous research showed that the trust culture facilitated school health, collaboration, student achievement, and school effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that make and develop the trust culture in Tehran schools in 2017-2018 and also was carried out in a qualitative method of a phenomenological type. The sample included 24 experts who were purposefully selected and interviewed with semi-structured questions so that the data gathered based on theoretical saturation. Hence, the “NVivo 10” software was used to analyze the data. Then, findings indicated that four factors played the most effective roles in the teachers' trust culture in schools including:  "awareness" was in the first place, "constructive interactions", "moral characteristics", "enabling structure", respectively. Therefore, all the identified factors must be developed in a coordinated way to grow the culture of trust in schools: in other word, achieving to teachers' trust culture requires the educational system carefully planned and intended to the needs of the community.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Teacher's Trust Culture
  • school culture
  • teacher
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