واکاوی بسترهای ایجاد و توسعه تضمین کیفیت در آموزش عالی اروپا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

2 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی، گروه برنامه ریزی آموزش عالی، موسسه پژوهش و برنامه‌ریزی آموزش عالی وزارت علوم تهران، ایران.

4 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران.

5 عضو هیات علمی، گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2020.226533.1308

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف، تحلیل بستر تاریخی، چگونگی شکل‌گیری و توسعه سیستم تضمین کیفیت آموزش عالی در حوزه اروپا مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. بدین منظور دو سوال پژهشی مد نظر قرار گرفت: "الف) چه زمینه‌ها و بسترهایی سبب ایجاد و توسعه تضمین کیفیت در آموزش عالی منطقه اروپا گردیده؟ ب) اثرات ایجاد و توسعه تضمین کیفیت آموزش عالی در حوزه اروپا کدام است؟" این پژوهش در زمره تحقیقات کیفی است و با استفاده از تحلیل محتوای مستندات موجود در دانشگاه‌های اتحادیه اروپا و نیز تارنمای شبکه تضمین کیفیت آموزش عالی اروپا، داده‌های پژوهش مورد واکاوی قرار گرفته است. یافته‌ها نشان داد بسترهای اقتصادی، اجتماعی، فرهنگی، سیاسی و تکنولوژیک در توسعه یک سیستم کارآمد با کیفیت مطلوب در آموزش عالی حوزه اروپا موثر بوده و همچنین باعث گردیده، آموزش عالی این منطقه، رقابتی‌تر و قوی‌تر باشد و کیفیت بالا در آموزش و یادگیری، تحقیقات و غیره را تضمین و ایجاد کند. حوزه آموزش عالی اروپا با توجه به برنامه‌های توسعه تضمین کیفیت، به طور خاص بر زمینه‌های موضوعی فرهنگ‌سازی تضمین کیفیت و به رسمیت شناختن آن؛ تضمین کیفیت آموزش الکترونیکی، ایجاد ظرفیت و طراحی برنامه‌های مشترک در تضمین کیفیت در حوزه اروپا و خارج از حوزه اروپا تمرکز دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing platforms of creating and developing the quality assurance of European higher education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Atefeh Saedi 1
  • Abbas Abbasspour 2
  • Maghsood Frasatkhah 3
  • Mohammad Reza Neyestani 4
  • Hossein Abdollahi 5
1 PhD Student of Allameh Tabataba'I University Higher Education Management, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Management and Educational Planning, Allameh Tabataba'I University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty Member, Higher Education Planning Group, Higher Education Research and Planning Institute of the Ministry of Science. Tehran Iran.
4 Faculty Member, Department of Management and Educational Planning, University of Isfahan, Iran.
5 Faculty Member, Department of Management and Educational Planning, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to analyze historical contexts as well as creation and development of quality assurance system of the European higher education area. In doing so, two research questions were addressed: (a) what contexts and platforms have induced emergence and development of quality assurance in the European higher education area and (b) what are the effects of creating and developing quality assurance in the European higher education area? This study was of qualitative research type and the data were analyzed through content analysis of documents available at universities in the European Union and the European Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education website. The findings demonstrated that economic, sociocultural, political and technological platforms have affected development of an efficient quality assurance system in the European higher education area and have correspondingly made the higher education more competitive and powerful in this area. Moreover, high-quality education, learning, research, and so on have been ensured. With reference to quality assurance development plans, the European higher education area has specially concentrated on thematic issues of quality assurance culture and its recognition, quality assurance of e-learning, as well as capacity building and design of joint quality assurance programs in the European area and outside it.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality
  • Quality Assurance
  • European higher education
  • European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA)
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