شناسایی مؤلفه‌های مدارس هوشمند بر اساس رویکرد سازنده گرایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد بین الملل کیش، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جزیره کیش، ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی ، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 عضو هیات علمی ، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بندرعباس، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2020.214234.1237

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف شناسایی مؤلفه‌های مدارس هوشمند بر اساس رویکرد سازنده گرایی انجام شد. پژوهش حاضر از لحاظ هدف، کاربردی و از لحاظ نحوه گردآوری اطلاعات جزء پژوهش­های آمیخته (کمی و کیفی ) است. جامعه آماری در بخش کیفی شامل خبرگان دانشگاهی وصاحب نظران حوزه مدارس هوشمند و در بخش کمّی شامل کلیه معلمان و مدیران مدارس هوشمند در سال 1397  بود. حجم نمونه در بخش کیفی با اشباع نظری (30 نفر) و در بخش کمّی بر اساس فرمول کوکران 357 نفر برآورد شد. برای انتخاب نمونه در بخش کیفی از نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در بخش کمّی از نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای استفاده شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها، در بخش کیفی، مصاحبه و در بخش کمّی، پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته بر مبنای مقیاس 5 گزینه‌ای بود. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از آزمون‌های آلفای کرونباخ، ﻣﯿﺎﻧﮕﯿﻦ وارﯾﺎﻧﺲ اﺳﺘﺨﺮاج ﺷﺪه (AVE)، ماتریس جذر AVE، کولموگروف‌اسمیرنف، تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و t تک‌نمونه‌ای استفاده شد. نتایج به دست آمده به شناسایی 5 مولفه و 44 شاخص منجر شد که 5 مؤلفه اثرگذار شامل برنامه درسی (پنهان و آشکار)، محیط مدرسه، معلم (عوامل فردی و شایستگی‌های حرفه‌ای)، مدیر مدرسه و کارکنان آموزشی و آموزش (دانش، مهارت و نگرش) تأثیر دارند. نتایج دیگر نشان داد که اولویت مؤلفه های شناسایی شده به ترتیب عبارت است از: برنامه درسی (پنهان و آشکار) (0.57)، محیط مدرسه (0.55)، معلم (عوامل فردی و شایستگی‌های حرفه‌ای) (0.44)، مدیر مدرسه و کارکنان آموزشی (0.33) وآموزش (دانش، مهارت و نگرش) (0.12). همچنین، درجه تناسب آن با اطمینان 95 درصداز نظر متخصصین مورد تایید قرارگرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Smart School Constituents based on the Constructivist Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Rezaei 1
  • Amine Ahmadi 2
  • Mahdi Bagheri 3
1 Department of educational management, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty Member, Department of Public Administration, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to identify the components of smart schools based on the constructivist approach. The study upon the purpose was practical and in terms of data collection was a mixed (qualitative and quantitative) research. The statistical population included academic experts and professions in the field of smart schools in the qualitative section, and in the quantitative section consisted of all teachers and principals of smart schools in 1977. The sample size in the qualitative section on theoretical saturation was 30 members, and in the quantitative section based on Cochran formula 357 members were estimated. Purposeful sampling and stratified random sampling were used for quantitative sampling. Then, data were collected through qualitative interviews and quantitative researcher-made questionnaires based on 5-point scale. For data analysis, Cronbach's alpha, AVE, AVE, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, confirmatory factor analysis, and one-sample t-test were used. Accordingly, the results illustrated the identification of 5 components and 44 indicators that included 5 influential components including curriculum (hidden and explicit), school environment, teacher (individual factors and professional competencies), school administrator, and educational staff (knowledge, skills, and Attitude). Other results showed that the priority of the identified components were: curriculum (hidden and explicit) (0.57); school environment (0.55); teacher (individual factors and professional competencies) (0.44); school administrator and educational staff (0.33); and Education (Knowledge, Skill and Attitude) (0.12). Moreover, its degree of fitness was confirmed by experts with 95% confidence.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intelligent Schools
  • constructivism
  • Education
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